Kontekstiks:

“This report presents the results of an evaluation of the temporary, general arming of the Norwegian police force between 25th November 2014 and 3rd February 2016. The purpose of such an evaluation is to gain an overview of police officers’ experiences during this period.” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 5)

Relvad erandkorras:

“Norway is one of the few countries in which the police are ordinarily unarmed.2 Between 25th November 2014 and 3rd February 2016 this was not the case. Based on the Norwegian Police Security Service’s (PST’s) risk assessment, in which it appeared that the police could be imminently the target of terror attacks, POD, in a letter dated 18th November 2014, requested the consent of the Ministry of Justice and Emergency Preparedness for the introduction of a temporary, general arming of the Norwegian police pursuant to the Weapons Instructions for the Police, Section 10, first paragraph, letter ‘d’.” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 9)

Kaks alternatiivi:

“Traditions within the police can be divided, broadly, into two main orientations, a restrained tradition and a militaristic tradition (NOU 2017:9, 2017, p. 28) Norway has always had, and still has, an ideological attachment to the restrained tradition, inspired by the English model established during the founding of The Metropolitan Police in London in 1829 ((Ignatieff, 2005; Yesberg & Bradford, 2018).” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 11)

Relvade ohtlikkusest:

“Whilst Norway has a largely unarmed police force, Swedish police are armed. A key research question for the authors has been the relationship between the availability and the use of firearms. They found that, once the different population sizes have been adjusted for, the Swedish police fire five times as many shots as the Norwegian police. They found, further, that, in Sweden, the other party was injured 4.5 times, and killed approximately 1.6 times, as often. Also, in Sweden, incidents resulted in injury to 8% of the police personnel involved, while no Norwegian police were similarly injured.” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 15)

Hindamisest:

“Evaluation research must use scientific theory and method and hold a reflected and critical position toward its own work process (Halvorsen, 2013, pp. 242-244).” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 20) […] “An important expectation of a research-based evaluation is that it contributes to the systematic production of new knowledge. In the absence of a presentation of existing knowledge in the field, it is difficult for researcher, reader and client to see what scientific contribution the work represents (Kvale & Brinkmann, 2010, p. 123)” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 21)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“For most, carrying a weapon became, through familiarity, a habit, emotionally as well. The feeling of insecurity about being armed conveyed to us by the informants was not dependent on the extent to which they had encountered situations that could have led to the use of the weapon.” (Barland et al., 2022, p. 100)

Barland, B., Høivik, J., Myhrer, T.-G., & Thomassen, G. (2022). “As before, but safer”: The police’s evaluation of 14 months’ temporary arming of the police. In 138 s. [Report]. Politihøgskolen. https://phs.brage.unit.no/phs-xmlui/handle/11250/3023454