Siinviidatu leidis oma koha peamiselt kahel põhjusel. Esiteks, et julgustada metoodikaraamatuid sirvima ning metoodikaid kasutama laialdasemalt, kui ainul “teadusuuringutes” (sageli ületähtsustatud). Teiseks, et pakkuda lugemisvõimalus nii uurijatele, tudengitele kui organisatsioonide ja poliitika süsteemsema mõtestamise huvilistele, sest tekst pakub hulgaliselt nii praktilisi viiteid kui lugemissoovitustena sobivaid allikaviiteid.
A major finding about the use of mixed methods in public policy and public administration research has been the dominance of quantitative strands over qualitative strands. Hendren, Luo, and Pandey (2018) found that mixed methods studies across public administration journals overwhelmingly favor quantitative methods, with qualitative strands receiving less emphasis and the qualitative methods less effectively reported.
Autorid seavad eesmärke:
Given the value strong qualitative strands can bring to mixed methods research, our goal is to better understand and clarify the way qualitative strands can strengthen mixed methods research in public policy and public administration.
… ja täpsustavad:
In our research, we examine and draw lessons from mixed methods studies in public policy and public administration in order to identify promising practices, and provide guidance on how to improve the planning, execution and reporting of mixed methods research.
Creswell and Poth (2016) identify five research approaches to qualitative methods: narrative, phenomenological, grounded theory, ethnographic, and case study. Merriam and Tisdell (2016) similarly highlight the same five designs and add a sixth: narrative inquiry.
Kvalitatiivsed meetodid pakuvad mõndagi:
Overall, qualitative research methods produce a range of desirable goals which Peshkin (1993) identifies as description, interpretation, verification, and evaluation.
Kvalitatiivuuringu asjakohasus avalikus juhtimises:
Qualitative inquiry is beneficial for public policy and public administration because it is information-rich and “can strengthen the field’s links to practice (Ospina et al. 2018, 593)”. The researcher is the primary instrument of data collection, attempting to capture and give meaning to individual perceptions and experiences of the social world by allowing for multiple modalities (Coffey and Atkinson 1996; Lincoln and Guba 1985; Hesse-Biber 2010; Merriam and Tisdell 2016).
Metoodika ei ole iseenesestmõistetav. Seda tuleb demonstreerida:
Across all studies there was very little reference to methodological literature to substantiate or explain the motivation for the study’s research design, data collection and analysis, as shown in Table 6. Only 19% of qualitative dominant and 10% of quantitative dominant studies referenced methodological literature in their articles.
Läbipaistvus – keskne element:
In mixed methods, as with all qualitative research approaches, transparency is a key aspect of reporting mixed methods studies. Creswell and Plano Clark (2017) contend that researchers should provide a clear, specific purpose for using mixed methods and convey them in their report. It is then important to interrelate the study problem, purpose, and research questions within the research.
Drawing upon analyses, we developed seven recommendations for leveraging qualitative methods to strengthen mixed methods studies: (1) address ‘how’ questions in the qualitative strand to explore causal mechanisms; (2) privilege participant experiences and perspectives to provide a more complete picture; (3) increase transferability by elucidating the characteristics of the study environment that are necessary for or likely to influence study findings; (4) add nuance to findings in many ways, including fleshing out transparency and accountability processes, and explaining the relationships involved in networks, contracting and service provision; (5) improve the accuracy of measurement and credibility of results, such as through triangulating findings from the quantitative strand; and (7) unravel inconsistencies, clarifying surface contradictions and/or analyzing deeper inconsistencies.
Hendren, K., Newcomer, K., Pandey, S. K., Smith, M., & Sumner, N. (2022). How qualitative research methods can be leveraged to strengthen mixed methods research in public policy and public administration. Public Administration Review.