Kuriteohirmu olulisust indiviidi ja ühiskonna tasandil on raske üle hinnata ning kuriteohirm ise tundub sageli midagi selget ja arusaadavat. Kriminoloogid ja sotsiaalpsühholoogid aga näevad siin mõndagi mõtlemapanevat ja olulist. Sestap siinviidatu oma koha leidiski: arengud kuriteohirmu mõistmisel ja mõtestamisel võiks huvi pakkuda väga suurele hulgale lugejatele.
For many years, scholars have explored the reasons why individuals fear crime and disorder. […] Explaining the complex relationship between risk perception and fear of crime is of critical importance to fear of crime scholars because prior research has found that individuals tend to overestimate their likelihood of falling victim to crime, when compared to their actual (objective) risk of victimisation (Chadee et al., 2007; Ditton & Chadee, 2006; Jackson, 2006).
Autorid sätivad fookuse:
The current study seeks to advance our existing knowledge about the complex emotional and cognitive processes associated with fear of crime from a new perspective. We propose that Trope and Liberman (2010) construal level theory (CLT) of psychological distance can be used to understand how individuals subjectively perceive their risk of criminal victimisation and emotionally respond to imagined crime events.
Currently, it is not clear how individuals are capable of reacting to crime events that are not present in their immediate environment. […] Recently, scholars such as Gouseti (2016) have suggested that CLT of psychological distance can be used to understand how individuals mentally transcend their ’here and now’ to perceive and worry about crime in environments where their risk of crime is negligible.
Tasand ja distants:
CLT describes how individuals mentally transcend their ‘here and now’ to experience and express emotions about events that are not occurring in their immediate environment1 (Trope & Liberman, 2010). Construal level and psychological distance are distinct but related cognitive processes (Trope & Liberman, 2010). Construal level describes how detailed our mental image (construal) of an event is. […] Psychological distance describes how ‘near’ or ‘far’ we perceive an event to be from our egocentric point of reference (i.e., the self).
Our results indicate that, although further work is required on improving the measurement of some dimensions of psychological distance in surveys (e.g., spatial distance), perceptions of psychological distance can be used to explain worry about personal victimisation.
Mellberg, J., Chataway, M. L., Ball, M. J., & Miles-Johnson, T. (2022). Psychological distance and fear of crime: Towards a new understanding of risk perception formation. Journal of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/26338076221105899