On raske vaielda selle üle, et avalik arvamus mõjutab politseipraktikaid. Aga kuidas täpsemalt, sellele palju vastuseid ei ole. Võis siis on need vastused ideatsioonilised. Siinviidatu on traditsioonilisest politseikirjandusest eemalolevas ajakirjas avaldatud tekst, mis võiks huvi pakkuda nii politseihuvilistele, riigivalitsejatele, ajakirjanikele kui paljudele teistele.
Recent technological developments have revolutionized the dissemination of information on newsworthy events: internetbased media reporting and social network sharing can result in news spreading instantaneously and extensively. As a result, controversial police use-of-force against civilians easily can be widely publicized.
Täpsemad viited vägivallajuhtumitele:
the deaths of Michael Brown (Ferguson, Missouri, August 2014), Freddie Gray (Baltimore, Maryland, April 2015), and more recently George Floyd (Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 2020) soon made national news headlines and drew international attention. These high-proﬁle killings generate massive ripple effects, which could subsequently reduce policing activities. Speciﬁcally, they often spark public outrage toward the police; draw extensive scrutiny of policing practices; and cause probations, ﬁrings, indictments, and charges of the involved ofﬁcers.
Autorid määratlevad senise teadmuse tühimiku:
However, two important issues that are of particular interest to a wider range of policy makers and the public remain not well understood. One is whether recent highly publicized police killings can have a sweeping and wide-ranging effect on policing across a broad range of locations. 2 The other is that, despite many studies documenting reductions in law enforcement activities following high-proﬁle police killings, there is little direct evidence of depolicing.
… ja analüüsi ulatuse:
In order to better examine whether high-proﬁle police killings have had a widespread effect on policing since Ferguson, we conduct a multi-city analysis of 60 large U.S. cities.
Kel USA andmed vägivaldsetest surmadest suurt huvi ei paku, see leiab täiendavad andmed siit:
Police killings of civilians are not uncommon in the United States. According to the data compiled by FatalEncounters (https://fatalencounters.org), there were at least 25,000 civilians who died in encounters with the police between 2000 and 2018, or approximately 1300 deaths per year.
Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks vihjed kokkuvõttest:
Our single-city analysis of St. Louis and multi-city analysis of 60 large U.S. cities, combined with different identiﬁcation strategies, present strong evidence that the high-proﬁle police killings during 2014–2016 led to fewer policing activities. […] Importantly, the estimated reduction in selfinitiated activities provides direct evidence of de-policing, validating a growing concern in the post-Ferguson era.
Cheng, C., & Long, W. (2022). The effect of highly publicized police killings on policing: Evidence from large US cities. Journal of Public Economics, 206, 104557.