Kirjandusülevaate kirjutamine on kvaliteetse uurimustöö aluseelduseks. Kriitiline kirjandusülevaade on spetsiifiline kirjandusülevaade, mis on eriti kasulik muuhulgas magistri- ja doktoritööde kirjutamisel. Siinviidatu kuulub kindlasti uurimismeetodite ainetes kohustusliku kirjanduse kandidaatide nimekirja.
Tegemist on ühega sellistest tekstidest, mida oleks kasulik lugeda sõnagi vahele jätmata. Sestap oleks kasulik allnevaid viiteid vaid kontuuridena võtta.
Management Learning (ML) has always demonstrated a keen interest in the relationship between methodology or method and learning. Anderson et al.’s (2020) review of research published in ML between 1994 and 2018 identified 28 articles that dealt with methods. Our article adds to this scholarship and addresses a crucial activity that all academics and doctoral students are required to learn—conducting high-quality literature reviews.
Our interest in the topic has been long-standing, and we were drawn to it while supervising our doctoral students. We have become increasingly frustrated by their seeming inability to critically engage with the bodies of literature they encounter.
In this article, we offer a comprehensive attempt, the first to the best of our knowledge, to critique CLRs and to provide specific, actionable advice from which colleagues and doctoral students can learn, and from which editors and reviewers could draw when assessing scholarly articles that claim to critically review a body of literature.
Mis on “kriitiline”?
When we use “critical” and its derivatives, we intentionally remain close to the original meaning of the term through its emphasis on the acts of judging or making a judgment—we maintain this emphasis in our critique. The Greek term “kritikos” means to judge, to discern, to make sense, to recognize, and to comprehend; we embrace the first meaning and elaborate on it later in the article.
Following the examples of Foss and Saebi (2016) and Siddaway et al. (2019), we conducted a structured search of Business and Management publications on the Web of Science and EBSCO databases for articles that had the words “critical” and/or “review” in either the title, abstract, or keywords. As well as including in our search the major review journals in OMT, we also covered publications such as Leadership Quarterly (seven articles) and Accounting, Organizations and Society (five articles) as they regularly publish reviews. We also searched specific review journals in related fields, such as psychology and sociology, to learn how authors in these foundational disciplines conduct CLRs. This broad reading around a focal topic is necessary to develop a good, multi-layered understanding of a subject (Alvesson and Sandberg, 2020). It was particularly important to do this as the CLR has been recognized and adopted not only in OMT, but also in other research fields.
Ümmargune jutte ei ole hea idee. Kriitilises analüüsis tuleb “öelda” (mõistagi, tõendite vahendusel):
Passerin d’Entrèves (2000: 249) asserts that “judgment represents the outer manifestation of our capacity to think critically.” This is a crucial point and helps distinguish CLRs from other types of literature reviews. CLRs should include judgments by critics of the literature reviewed (Shotter and Tsoukas, 2014).
In this spirit, we propose the following nine features designed to make CLRs genuinely critical:
Wright, A., & Michailova, S. (2022). Critical literature reviews: A critique and actionable advice. Management Learning. https://doi.org/10.1177/13505076211073961