Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst leidis oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et politseivaldkonnale orienteeritud kriminoloogid avaldasid uurimuse terrorismi valdkonnas kriminoloogia ajakirjas. Terrorism on nii spetsiifiline valdkond, et politseikirjandust lugedes jääb selline mulje, et see justkui on väljaspool politsei valdkonna piire. Eks teatud mõttes võib see nii ollagi, kuid üks terrorismi edukriteeriume tugineb kohalike värbamisel ning siin võiks politsei käsi küll väga sügavalt see olla.
Programs that aim to reduce recruitment to terrorist groups have been based primarily on the logic that society should focus on tackling the risk and protective factors that underpin radicalization (National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, 2017). The assumption is that if government can reduce radicalization, it will also reduce recruitment. […] Although reducing radicalization is clearly a positive outcome for democratic societies, it may not necessarily be the most efficient or effective way to reduce recruitment.
Autorid seavad fookust:
In this study, we rely on agent-based models (ABMs) to examine how different programmatic approaches can be expected to impact upon radicalization and recruitment to terrorism. Although ABMs cannot replace field experiments, they can give policy makers a good indication as to which initiatives are more likely to be successful in the real world, and whether logic models for interventions operate as envisioned (Eck & Liu, 2008; Groff & Mazerolle, 2008; Weisburd et al., 2017).
Kaks sfääri tuleks eristada:
Although there are certainly many definitions of radicalization, there is a general consensus about the need to differentiate between the cognitive and behavioral outcomes of radicalization.
Radikaliseerumine ja värbamine:
Although radicalization is often a precondition for recruitment, this is not always the case. In fact, cognitive radicalization and recruitment can take place simultaneously, with mutually reinforcing effects (McCauley & Moskalenko, 2017; Moghaddam, 2005; Wiktorowicz, 2005). Additionally, as we noted above, a very small proportion of radicalized individuals will ever become recruited.
Vihje lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:
Increasing community workers at community centers impacted integration, trust and subjective deprivation, and had a strong and significant impact on radicalization. Deploying community police officers had significant, although small, impacts on trust and integration and radicalization (at 12 months) and as expected (given the specification of the model) had little impact on subjective deprivation. Importantly, neither of these interventions showed significant impact on recruitment.
Weisburd, D., Wolfowicz, M., Hasisi, B., Paolucci, M., & Andrighetto, G. (2022). What is the best approach for preventing recruitment to terrorism? Findings from ABM experiments in social and situational prevention. Criminology & Public Policy.Chicago