Sissejuhatuseks müüt:

Among police practitioners, there is a well-documented belief that, despite their best efforts, crime will simply move to another area in response to targeted crime prevention interventions

PS! Müüdid ei ole ju sellepärast tõesed, et MINA neid usuksin, vaid sellepärast, et ma TEAN, et teised arvavad, et need on tõesed. 🙂

Eesmärk:

we test the argument of Piza and O’Hara (2014) that the place-based characteristics of the target area and catchment zone likely facilitated displacement.

Teoreetilised valikud:

Crime Pattern Theory and Social Disorganization perspectives can help us consider the environmental factors that can make displacement more likely. […] Crime Pattern Theory (Brantingham and Brantingham 1993a; 1995) is the marriage of rational choice (Cornish and Clarke 1987) and routine activity (Cohen and Felson 1979) perspectives explicitly operationalized to place (Andresen 2014).

Mõned järeldused:

This finding reflects the research literature that proposes bus stops and similar transit hubs act as crime generators […] we see that due to the spatial allocation of bus stops throughout target and catchment areas, the built environment is either providing a continuous opportunity field for offenders to take advantage of or acting to connect offenders to new opportunities in the immediate vicinity […] we were unable to measure an important aspect of social disorganization, ethnic heterogeneity. However, given the increasing concentration of race in place (Massey and Denton 1998), street segments within census tracts with homogenous populations are likely to exhibit similar characteristics […] this study suggests further support for the continued measurement of social disorganization and crime pattern theory-informed constructs at the micro-level and the contention that street segments may have unique behavior settings that is related to the level of crime experienced at micro-places

Hatten, D., & Piza, E. L. (2021). When Crime Moves Where Does It Go? Analyzing the Spatial Correlates of Robbery Incidents Displaced by a Place-based Policing Intervention. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. https://doi.org/10.1177/00224278211016030