Kui kriminoloogia valdkonnast ilmub märke organisatsioonidisaini suunas, siis tasub neid märke uurida ainuüksi põhjusel, et neid esineb harva.

Artikli eesmärk:

The purpose of this paper is to review the extant published literature using traditional criminological theories in an effort to explain police misconduct.

Uurimisprobleemiks sisendi avamisel märgitakse muuhulgas:

Policemisconduct is a complex concept, but it is typically characterized as any behaviort hat violates the law, agency policy or ethical codes of conduct. […] Acts of misconduct have consequences for the officer, agency, jurisdiction and profession. Some examples include officer discipline, criminal prosecution, civil lawsuits, consent decrees, poor police–community relations and the erosion of trust in (and legitimacy of) the policing profession. Thus, it is important for academics and practitioners alike to understand why some officers engage in occupational deviance.

Mida uuriti:

This paper provides a meta-review of research examining criminological theoretical explanations for police misconduct at the individual-level and identified 29 relevant empirical research studies across six theoretical frameworks.

Mõned järeldused:

Our review suggests that police misconduct can be viewed more of as part of a generalized nature of crime and, therefore, does not need to be explained using a crime-specific theory. […] With respect to deterrence theory, administrators (and other government officials) should increase the certainty, severity and celerity of punishment. Misconduct needs to be investigated and corrective actions need to be undertaken through administrative (e.g. performance reviews, internal affairs inquiries, human resource audits, disciplinary hearings) and criminal justice (e.g. prosecution) mechanisms. […] The training and mentorship mechanisms need to be forceful enough to “overcome” the old vestiges of the police culture (e.g. code of silence, us versus them, group solidarity), and they must continually provide reinforcement for positive behavior and punishment for negative behavior.

Donner, C.M., Maskály, J., Jennings, W.G. and Guzman, C. (2021) Using criminological theory to explain police misconduct: a state-of-the-art review. Policing: An International Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.