Siinviidatu on üks teistmoodi tekst. Vahelduseks. Leidis oma koha põhjusel, et on vabalevis ja selle lugemine võiks pakkuda pingutust. Siiski, siinse uudistevoo jälgijatele ei peaks tekst siiski “läbimatuks” osutuma.


“Accordingly, both in critical theory proper and wider sociology, the landscape has changed so as to problematize any possibility of such a theory re-emerging. In what follows, the attempt is made to turn difficulty into opportunity. Important currents in scholarship in the social, cultural and, where different, normative sciences provide new orientation, when suitably reinterpreted and melded with the communicative turn in second-generation critical theory.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 2)

Kriitilise semiootika kolm intellektuaalset dimensiooni ühiskonnateooriale:

“In the following, three intellectual dimensions of the preferred critical semiotic approach to the theory of society will be amplified. The three dimensions are: (a) Immanenttranscendence in a communicative semiotic register; (b) A cognitive-inferential epistemology; and (c) Inquiry based on reasonable not solipsistic doubt.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 3)

Pierce mõistlikud kahtlused:

“The essence of reasonable doubt is that it starts from a doubt centred on what is already believed to be known and proceeds from there. It does not start from nowhere with the premise that everything is radically questioned by the sceptical, knowledge-seeking individual. It operates as a model of social integration, whether for the socially situated doubter or the social scientist reconstructing the doubting process of others, in that doubt is conditioned by a social background context while at the same indicating a need for further learning.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 8)

Abduktsioon tuleb mängu:

“The appearance of doubt in abductive conjecture, the process of gestating potential new knowledge in the case of successful conjecture, follows the phenomenological construction of possible worlds in perception. The abductive moment in cognition associated with doubt is an impulse to the critical reconstruction of existing knowledge.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 8)

Eemale entiteetidest ja lähemale suhetele ja protsessidele:

“Modern social ontologies are far from the older ontological model of representing the reality of an external world assumed beyond direct human control yet fateful for human action. In the social sciences, these social ontologies recognize the importance of relations and processes (Renault, 2016).” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 9)

Abduktsiooni järelmid on etteaimamatud:

“Abduction is closely associated with the ‘cognitive praxis’ of movements of various kinds. This does not mean only the progressive movements emphasized in critical thought, but conservative and reactionary movements too.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 16)

Ühiskonnateooria ja olemasoleva teadmuse vahekorrast:

“The distinction between thirdness and secondness in Peirce also marks a distinction between theorization and knowledge. The theory of society therefore should be understood as a theorization of the process of constructing society, intellectually and practically, that is partly conditioned by existing knowledge, but, as a construction, always exceeds it.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 17)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“Hence, Hegel’s idea of the becoming of reality, refashioned through left-Hegelian thought, here notably Peirce but in the background Marx, firmly enters the theory of society. Notwithstanding, the autonomous capacity for critique beyond the given marks the vital importance of the Kantian Copernician turn.” (O’Mahony, 2022, p. 21)

O’Mahony, P. (2022). Critical theory, Peirce and the theory of society. European Journal of Social Theory, 1–24.