Piitsa ja präänikut võiks kriminoloogide keeles väljendada kui kontrolli (general theory of crime) ja toetavat käitumist (social bond theory), mis võiks olla olulised mõjurid hälbivast käitumisest hoidumiseks.

Meeldetuletuseks sõnastab autor lugejale veelkord, mida mõelda kontrolli ja mida toetuse all:

Parental control includes inductive reasoning, limit-setting, consistency of rules and discipline, effective supervision, and monitoring of ongoing child behavior. Parental support, on the other hand, encompasses affection, involvement, open communication, and supportive relationships.

Aga on siiski veel midagi olulist, mis puudutab küll ka kontrolli ja toetust, st on justkui nendega pidevalt kaasas, kuid siiski vajalik aspekt täpsemaks adresseerimiseks:

there is evidence that child self-disclosure is both enabled and hindered by certain parental activities and emotional states

Artikli eesmärk:

The purpose of the current investigation was to explore the possibility that a facet of antisocial cognition – namely, cognitive impulsivity – may be an important mediating mechanism in the series of events linking parental control to child delinquency.

Mõned järeldused:

This supports the notion that a facet of parental control was capable of inhibiting cognitive impulsivity, a well-established predictor of future offending (Walters, 2017). Hence, one mechanism that may explain the effect of parental knowledge on delinquency is inhibition of cognitive impulsivity. […] From a practical standpoint, the results of this study demonstrate that parental knowledge is capable of preventing future delinquency by impeding RCT. […] Aiding parents may depend on our ability to identify the skills that are most effective in counteracting RCT, whether it be problem solving, anger management, or improved self-discipline, and then emphasizing these skills in a program of parent training or enrichment. If problem solving skills are central to reducing RCT then inductive parenting should perhaps be emphasized; if anger management skills are key to reducing RCT then parental instruction in how to promote coping self-talk and emotions identification in their children may be in order; if self-discipline skills are what is contributing to reduced levels of RCT then parental structuring techniques may be of assistance.

Niisiis, ei ole uudis, et lapsevanemaks olemine on keerukas, kuid poliitikakujundajatel ja haridusevaldkonnas on võimalik ühiskonda muuta, kui vahendada lapsevanematele asjakohaseid teadmisi.

Walters, G. D. (2021). Parental Control as a Stimulus for Youth Control: Mediating the Parental Knowledge–Child Delinquency Relationship With Cognitive Impulsivity. Crime & Delinquency, 67(5), 717–736. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128720962449