Küsimused sellest, kes ma olen – inimese või kollektiivina – ja kuidas ma seda tean, tunduvad muutuvat ikka olulisemaks juba põhjusel, et ümbritsev sotsiaalne keskkond muutub ikka mitmekesisemaks. Õigemini küll, see mitmekesisus ilmutab ennast üha selgemalt.

Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele inimestele ning võiks olla “seeditav” ka nendele, kel pole harjumust eelretsenseeritud (teadus! (Sic!)) tekstide lugemiseks.


In the broadest sense, the term “agent” refers to those who have the ability to act. Human agency further requires the capacity of rationality and its manifestation.


The interpretation of agency involves a core concept in philosophy of action: intentionality.1 Similarly, at the collective level, the interpretation of collective agency involves a parallel concept: collective intentionality.

Kesksed põhimõtted:

Two notable forms of realism with respect to collective agency are interpretationism (cf. Rovane [2]; Tollefsen [3]) and functionalism (cf. List and Pettit [4]). […] Interpretationism focuses on organizational structures of collectives and believes that these structures guarantee the possibility of rational perspectives on collectives. […] functionalism believes that agency is embodied in the agent’s ability to perform actions that meet certain functional conditions, such as representation, motivation, and rational capacity.

Artikli fookus:

However, in this paper, we focus on the issue of collective intentionality that is on the relation between individual minds and social phenomena.

Suhted – tunnetatavad, kuid siiski raskestimõistetavad

We will not consider a basketball team a new team just because of its members’ changes. Nor will it be considered a new company just because the shareholders of a company are renewed. However, we will be intuitively aware of changes in collective identity due to changes in the internal and external relations of the collective.

Suhete kriitiline roll:

The relations in the collection of relational eventualities thus play a critical role in forming the fixed pattern of collective identity. Only when the pattern undergoes a fundamental transformation will we think that the collective has changed.

Teksti mõistmiseks üks keskseid põhimõtteid relatsioonilisusest:

The reason to say that agency is a relational property is that, in the broadest sense, agency expresses the ability to act as well as the capacity to manifest rationality, that presupposes and refers to the interactive relations between the agent and the external world (action), and indicates the nature of these relations to be manifested (rationality).

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

An individual identifies and acts in a relational identity of a collective through their social relations, thus manifesting collective agency. Collective agency has both internal relations (collective structures) and external relations (collective functions). This confirms that interpretationism and functionalism about agency can be integrated into a relational, holistic account.

Wang, Y., & Stokhof, M. (2022). A Relational Perspective on Collective AgencyPhilosophies7(3), 63.