Kliimamuutustest rääkimine on olulisem, kui mitterääkimine. Nii vähemalt tundub, sest mitterääkimise korral võib mõnes riigis, kus nähtavaid märke on kerge mitte märgata, kliimaküsimus üldse tahaplaanile jääda. Siinviidatu on siiski üks huvitav sotsiaalteoreetiline tekst, mis ei peaks lugejaid kohutama, sest autori väljenduslaad on lihtsasti mõistetav.Head uudistamist!

Kontekstiks:

“These approaches have in common that they see – in competing ways – climate change as the rather inevitable outcome of long-term socio-ecological processes, of some macro-historical logic.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 2)

Autor lubab:

“This article will analyse climate change with a view to advancing a more adequate approach to social phenomena of large scale and long duration in social theory by focusing on the actions, interpretations, events and mechanisms through which a trajectory of social development is continued or altered.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 2)

Keerulised lihtsustused:

“The IPCC emphasis on CO2 emissions and concentration for the analysis of climate change is a simplification that has well served to focus international political debate, among governments as in the Paris Agreement and its follow-ups as well as among social movements such as Fridays for Future.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 3)

Kuidas seletada muutuseid …

“At a closer look, they raise much more specific questions: If the period of the Industrial Revolution marks the rise of an instrumental relation to nature, why do CO2 emissions increase rather moderately for over a century, at least if compared with the century that follows?” (Wagner, 2022, p. 3)

Normatiivne ja funktsionaalne lähtepunkt:

“Normative theories focused on freedom and considered human history as the course towards the realization of freedom. Functional(ist) approaches saw societies as historically improving the ways in which they addressed social problems, a foremost problem being seen as material well-being.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 4)

Probleemide ümberpaigutamine:

“Thus, the task is to develop an interpretive approach to social transformations that sets the identification of socio-political problems in the context of functional requirements and existing power hierarchies. Towards this end, the following account uses the term ‘problem displacement’ to capture the social transformations that have generated climate change.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 6) […] “The concept presupposes: an agent with objectives (or, if in some way imposed, requirements); a problem as a difficulty or impossibility to reach an objective; and then displacement is an action that enables the agent to reach the objective by overcoming the difficulty. The agent could be an individual person, but for current purposes they are more typically a collectivity of some kind (group, organization, class, society, state).” (Wagner, 2022, p. 6)

Režiimidest:

“At the end of the Second World War, those latter regimes were militarily defeated (Germany and Italy), accommodated (Portugal and Spain) or ‘contained’ (the Soviet Union).” (Wagner, 2022, p. 9)

Varased kriisid:

“In other words, when Western societies faced this combined politico-economicecological crisis during the 1970s, they tried to address it by the tried-and-tested mechanism of problem displacement. The accumulation of debt as well as the hope for technical fixes for environmental issues were ways of ‘buying time’ (Streeck, 2014), without though having at hand any credible ‘imagined futures’ (Beckert, 2016) any longer.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 14)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“In other words, concepts of freedom, material well-being, and of capitalist power asymmetry are all relevant for understanding the rise of our resourceintensive societies that have generated climate change.” (Wagner, 2022, p. 19)

Wagner, P. (2022). The triple problem displacement: Climate change and the politics of the Great Acceleration. European Journal of Social Theory, 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1177/13684310221136083