Õigusriik ja seaduslikkus on eestikeelses retoorikas midagi aksiomaatilist. Ja võib olla igaühe jaoks ongi asjad n-ö selged. Avalikus ruumis võib siiski kohata piisavalt arvamusi, mõttekäike ja praktikaid, mis viitavad, et õigusriigi tähendusruum on ka igapäevapraktikate tasandil üsna avar. Sestap siinviidatu oma koha leidiski.
On vist küll elementaarne, kuid selle teksti puhul torkas pähe, et võiks rõhutada: kasulik oleks võtta aega ja lugeda ka autori märkuseid.
Democracy and the rule of law – like song and dance or pen and paper – seem a natural pair. The connection between the two is an entrenched part of our political tradition; yet, the exact nature of the relation is unclear.
Õigusriigi põhimõte – milleks?
The most common answer is that the rule of law protects liberty by imposing constraints on official action. […] The rule of law is also liberty enhancing in that it provides the order and stability necessary for individuals to exercise their rights.
In previous work, I identified the four characteristics of the rule of law as accountability, comprehensiveness, equality and ordinariness. […] Ordinariness is perhaps the most overlooked aspect of the rule-of-law ideal. […] Thus, police officers who during the course of their duties use excessive force in violation of the Constitution or other laws are liable to prosecution for murder or assault like any other person. Ordinary law administered by ordinary tribunals even in extraordinary cases.
Demokraatia keskne idee:
The fundamental idea of democracy is that people make the rules that govern the terms and conditions of their life together.
Demokraatia ja õigusriigi kaks seost:
First, the rule of law is the mechanism by which democracy is realized. […] Second, and more profoundly, democracy and the rule of law both affirm the equal dignity of all persons.
The liberal view would see police violence as a failure of some officers to conform their actions to law, instead giving vent to prejudice, abuse or the brute imposition of power (the ‘few bad apples’ clich´e). […] The democratic view, in contrast, would see police violence as reflecting a breakdown in the process of self-governance itself. […] The crisis of police violence, in other words, is a crisis of the unequal distribution of political power.
Winter, S. L. (2022). ‘Who’ or ‘what’ is the rule of law? Philosophy & Social Criticism, 48(5), 655–673. https://doi.org/10.1177/01914537211021148