Siinviidatu leidis oma koha põhjusel, et tegeleb politsei ja avalikkuse võimaliku kallutatuse küsimustega. Siinsest tekstis on aluseks rassi ja rassismi küsimused, kuid arukas lugeja märkab kindlasti muudki. Näiteks uskumused ja narratiivid ümbritsevale tähenduse andmisel ja selle mõjutamisel, on mitmes sotsiaalteaduse valdkonnas tuntud ja tunnustatud juba mitu kümnendit.

Kontekstiks: õigussüsteem on kiivas?

“There are substantial issues with the way justice is administered in the U.S., and most of these issues are racially disparate; Black Americans in particular are disproportionately likely to be exposed to the most toxic aspects of the justice system (e.g. Gelman, Fagan, and Kiss 2007; Mauer 2011; Nix et al. 2017).” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 2)

Rassismi tähendusväli:

“Race matters to crime and justice outcomes not because of anything intrinsic to race, but because of racism (e.g. Braga and Drakulich 2018; Drakulich and Rodriguez-Whitney 2018). Historical and systemic racism help explain problematic criminal justice policies and practices (Alexander 2020; Hinton 2016; Muhammad 2010).” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 2)

Kaks üldist küsimust, mis illustreerivad rassi ja rassismi olulisust politseivägivalla tajumisel:

“First, we ask what explains differences in public views of this issue, exploring roles for police contact, politics, and, most centrally, three measures of racial attitudes that capture different dimensions of racism.” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 4) […] “Second, noting the racial stratification in these views, we explore what seems to explain differences in views between non-Latinx Black and White and Latinx Americans,3 considering differences in experience with the police, politics, and racist views.” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 4)

Autorite keskne väide:

“Finally, our key argument is that racism may be key to understanding perceptions of police use of force.” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 9)


“The primary data come from the 2020 ANES Time Series Study (2020 TS), conducted in two waves in the months before and after the 2020 Presidential election (American National Election Studies 2021). This is the main ANES survey, conducted during presidential elections since 1948.” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 12)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks ka neile, kelle arvates rassismi küsimused “meid” ei puuduta:

“Police use of force is a critical social and political issue. Lives are at stake. The mental and physical health of victims of excessive force are at stake. So too is the legitimacy of our government. When the police use more force than necessary, it violates assumptions about the social contract and threatens the notion that the police and the broader government serve the willand have the consent—of the people.” (Drakulich et al., 2022, p. 30)

Drakulich, K., Robles, J., Rodriguez-Whitney, E., & Pereira, C. (2022). Who Believes that the Police Use Excessive Force? Centering Racism in Research on Perceptions of the Police. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 1–53.