Tundub, et sellest tekstist leiava argumente need, kes otsivad muutuseid ja neek, kes püüdlevad olemasoleva põlistamise suunas.


Policing in the United States has been described as a highly institutionalized field due to the commonality of roles and responsibilities of law enforcement officers as well as visual symbols associated with the field (Crank, 2003; Crank & Langworthy, 1992). Although considerable attention has been paid to police culture, less consideration has been directed specifically to the socialization and institutionalization of chief executives’ perceptions. Prior research has identified the ability of police chiefs to influence their organizations (Hunt & Magenau, 1993), but it is less clear how those individuals make sense of and lead their organizations.


The current research compares new chiefs and those that they replaced in their perceptions of their institutional environment, as well as a control group, to identify similarities and differences in environmental perceptions. These changes in leadership represent changes in the link between police organizations and their broader environment.

Autor kasutab argumentatsioonis ka John P. Crank ja Robert Langworthy 1992. a avaldatud teksti politsei institutsionaliseerumisest. Siinse artikli kontekstis oleks seda kasulik lugeda ja õnneks on tekst vabalevis.

Mõned järeldused:

It is plausible that all chiefs, regardless of tenure, would view their environment and agency priorities similarly as they share comparable socialization experiences into the profession. Policing is a field of scripted career milestones, so all chiefs have likely participated in a police academy, field training, entry-level patrol assignment, and promotion through supervisory ranks to chief executive. All those experiences and events contribute to the socialization of an individual into the field. […] The findings suggest that chiefs are not symbolic placeholders, but there are no key indicators within chiefs’ assessments of their environments or agencies’ priorities that would identify a pattern for agencies to follow when selecting a new chief. Bivariate findings suggest uniformity in chiefs’ assessments of the position; therefore, those selecting new chiefs should focus on the multivariate findings when assessing candidates. Candidates should be evaluated on their potential responses to the environment.

Matusiak, M. C. (2021). Do New Chiefs Mean Fresh Perspectives? The Institutionalization of the Police Executive Environment. Criminal Justice and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1177/00938548211006753