Politsei on pandeemia ajal paljudes riikides pidanud täitma tavatuid ülesandeid. Kontaktide hulk elanikega tavasituatsioonides, kus varem kokkupuudet enamasti ei tekkinud, suurenes paljude arvates plahvatuslikult ning sedalaadi täiendavad kontaktid võivad esile kutsuda uued või de- või re-defineerida paljud senised politseipraktikad. Siinviidatu vabalevis olev tekst võiks küll huvi pakkuda nii politseijuhtidele kui poliitikakujundajatele, sest demonstreerib üsna veenvalt võimalikke soovimatuid kaasnähtusid.
Van Maanen argues in his classic article that “assholes” are those people who refuse to accept the police definition of the situation; in other words, assholes are any suspected persons who challenge an officer’s authority […] People labelled and treated as assholes by police are sometimes subject to “street justice” and arrests that rely on post facto legal accounts employed to justify or excuse police violence, including “disorderly conduct,” “assaulting a police officer,” “disturbing the peace,” and “resisting arrest” (Van Maanen, 2005).
This paper investigates news coverage of assholes with an eye upon reporting during the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic. Assholes are typically people who are arrested and/or charged with a post facto offence. Assholes then may become features of news media “crime stories” (Chermak, 1995).
Institutsionaliseerunud politseipraktikad või kultuur või süvenenud stereotüüpne mõtteviis võib luua permanentseid sitapeade gruppe:
Van Maanen (2005, p. 286) does not say much explicitly about racialization other than to suggest that certain classes of people, noting Black people among them, are fixed by police in a “permanent asshole grouping.” This categorization influences police decisions to stop an individual, but in order to make the asshole categorization concrete a priori categorizations must be tied to observable social actions.
Pandeemiaga seotud täiendavad õigused või praktikad:
In the United Kingdom, for instance, police retain the power to detain anyone thought to be infectious even in the absence of test results (Proctor, Walker, & Syal, 2020). Whereas in Toronto, Canada’s largest city, controversial police street checks were seemingly reintroduced to allow police to charge people with violating state emergency orders (Canadian Civil Liberties Association, 2020a).
In late March , New York City police arrested a woman for allegedly standing with her boyfriend and others in a Brooklyn parking lot. The police claimed she “failed to maintain social distancing” and charged her with unlawful assembly, disorderly conduct, and obstructing governmental administration. Recounting the incident to The Intercept, she described officers without masks transporting her to Central Booking, where she spent 36 hours in a jail cell with more than 20 other women without access to soap. Once released, her employer barred her from work, afraid that she’d been exposed to the coronavirus while in custody. (Shure, 2020)
A basic finding of this paper is that police discretion is magnified in the context of pandemic policing.
Schneider, C. J. (2021). Assholes in the News: Policing in the Age of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research, 10, 59.