Usaldusliku sideme loomine politsei ja kogukonna vahel on olnud kogukonnakeskse politsei üks peamisi eesmärke. Siinviidatust võib leida, et usalduse loomisele rajatud programmid on väheviljakad ning edu toovad kaudsemad tehnikad-meetodid. See lugu võiks huvi pakkuda kõigile, kes arvavad ennast kogukonna turvalisuse küsimustega kuidagi seotud olevat. Siinses voos sel aastal huviliseni jõudnud 321 teksti ja podcasti, kuid kui õigesti mäletan, siis kordagi varem ei siia mahtunud teksti ajakirjast Journal of Community Practice. Niisiis, ka see ajakiri väärib kogukonna ja turvalisushuviliste tähelepanud.
One’s zip code is often a primary indicator of one’s access to opportunity. Decades of policies that segregated, contained, underinvested in, and exploited Black and Brown neighborhoods have left many with high poverty rates, failing healthcare systems, underfunded schools, crumbling infrastructure, and a lack of employment opportunities – all of which contribute to high crime rates and public safety concerns (Sampson & Loeffler, 2010). Yet the government’s spatial fix to address crime in these neighborhoods has not often addressed these underlying conditions; it has instead intensely policed them.
Usaldusele orienteeritud programmidest:
A popular federal community policing model is the Community-Based Crime Reduction (CBCR) program supported by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). This program seeks to build partnerships between police and communities in high-poverty, disadvantaged neighborhoods to develop data-driven strategies targeting “hot spots” of criminal activity (Hipple & Saunders, 2020).
Politsei avar tegutsemisväli, mis mõnikord ületab politsei võimekusi:
The role of police in practice, however, often goes well beyond solving or addressing crime. Given a lack of municipal funding for community development programs, police often undertake the roles of community mental health practitioners and social workers. A lack of training for police in these areas and their implicit biases often lead them to have higher perceptions of crime and disorder in low-income communities of color than residents (Skogan, 2006).
Covid pani politsei-kogukonna suhete arendamise pausile?
In the program’s last year, some programs were changed or ended due to COVID-19. With poor housing conditions, high poverty rates, and many essential workers, Langley Park had some of the highest infection rates in the county and state (Green, 2020a). In March 2020, the Club de Café, community walks, and Spanish language classes were suspended.
Eight community walks provided an effective venue for residents to learn about each other and the neighborhood. These walks brought residents, police, and other stakeholders through locally designated crime hotspots to share information about and strategies to address crime and improve safety and infrastructure. They gave voice to residents’ perceptions of safety and catalyzed action.
While there was inconclusive evidence as to whether the program met its primary goals of reducing crime and increasing police-community trust, programs that invested in building the capacity of this declining inner-ring suburb experienced more success. The latter generally met their stated program goals, and tended to have the most robust engagement.
Lung-Amam, W., Alvarez, N., & Green, R. (2021). Beyond community policing: centering community development in efforts to improve safety in Latinx immigrant communities. Journal of Community Practice, 1-16.