Kliimakriisiga tegelemisel on indiviidi käitumisel kriitiline roll:

“In addition to systemic drivers of the anthropogenic climate crisis, there is evidence that individual behaviors have substantial impact on greenhouse gas emissions and environmental degradation (Bleys, Defloor, Van Ootegem, & Verhofstadt, 2018; Dernbach, 2008; Dietz, Gardner, Gilligan, Stern, & Vandenbergh, 2009; Lange & Dewitte, 2019).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 1)

Keskkonnateadlik käitumine:

“Pro-environmental behavior has been defined as behavior that intentionally seeks to benefit or reduce harm to the environment (Steg & Vlek, 2009; Stern, 2000b).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 1)

Igaühe ökoloogiline jalajälg:

“An alternative approach is to represent pro-environmental behavior based on the estimated impacts of one’s lifestyle on the environment (Bleys et al., 2018; Huddart Kennedy et al., 2015). In this approach, respondents report on a range of specific behaviors (e.g., consumer choices, power usage, modes of transportation), which are then multiplied by objective estimates of CO2 emissions to derive a measure of the person’s “carbon footprint” (Lange & Dewitte, 2019). One such measure is the Ecological Footprint calculator, which expands this concept to include additionally relevant behaviors (e.g., dietary choices, garbage production, water and land usage).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 2)

Hedooniline ja eudaimooniline heaolu:

“However, hedonic well-being (i.e., well-being derived from consistent experiences of pleasure and the absence of difficulties) is negatively associated with pro-environmental behavior (Venhoeven et al., 2013). In contrast, eudaimonic well-being is positively associated with pro-environmental behavior (Venhoeven et al., 2013).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 2)

Meditatsioon ja eudaimooniline heaolu:

“Meditation training has emerged as a potential means of promoting pro-environmental behavior through its effects on associated intrinsic factors such as environmental attitudes and eudaimonic well-being (Barrett et al., 2016; Geiger, Grossman, & Schrader, 2019; Thiermann & Sheate, 2020b; Wamsler et al., 2021). Among the many forms of meditation, mindfulness meditation has garnered substantial scientific endorsement and widespread interest in popular culture (Goldberg, Riordan, Sun, & Davidson, 2021; Van Dam et al., 2018).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 2)

Mediteerimispraktikate pikaajalisel kasutamisel on mõju:

“Long-term meditation training (i.e., ≥ three meditations per week for at least one year) has also been associated with increased pro-environmental motivations and pro-environmental dietary behaviors relative to less experienced meditators and non-meditators (Thiermann, Sheate, & Vercammen, 2020).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 2)

Mediteerimise seosed keskkonnateadliku käitumisega:

“Meditation training is also associated with increases in nature connectedness, empathy, and compassion, which represent a potentially critical pathway toward pro-environmental behavior (Thiermann & Sheate, 2020b). It has been theorized that feeling more connected with nature can lead people to feel more empathy and thereby compassion for the environment, which could in turn produce greater intention toward pro-environmental behavior (Thiermann & Sheate, 2020b).” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 3)

Uuringu eesmärk:

“The current study aimed to investigate the effects of both short- and long-term meditation training on proenvironmental behavior, environmental attitudes, and sustainable well-being.” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 3)


“A total of 156 adult participants were recruited as part of a larger study on “health and well-being” ([omitted for blind review]). A sample of 31 LTMs were recruited through meditation centers throughout the United States, and through related mailing lists, flyers, and newspaper advertisements. Primary inclusion criteria for LTMs included at least three years of Vipassana and compassion/loving-kindness meditation, with daily practice of at least 30 min, as well as three or more residential meditation retreats lasting at least 5 days each. LTMs reported an average of 9154 lifetime hours of meditation practice (SD = 6976; range = 1439 to 32,613). A non-clinical sample of 125 MNPs were recruited from the general public in and around a mid-sized metropolitan city in the Midwest United States using flyers, online advertisements, and local media.” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 4)

Igaühel on võimalus ja kohustus … lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“At the same time, individual actions contribute substantially to our collective impact on the planet (Dernbach, 2008; Dietz et al., 2009; Semenza et al., 2008). This is both a cause for hope and a call to action; we each can and must take steps to reduce our individual contributions to the climate crisis.” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 10) […] “The current study addresses these gaps in the literature. The pattern of results – increased pro-environmental behavior associated only with combined short-term, active interventions (MBSR or HEP), and longterm meditation training associated with increased pro-environmental attitudes but not behaviors – provides mixed support for the possibility that meditation training may reduce human impact on the planet.” (Riordan et al., 2022, p. 10)

Riordan, K. M., MacCoon, D. G., Barrett, B., Rosenkranz, M. A., Chungyalpa, D., Lam, S. U., Davidson, R. J., & Goldberg, S. B. (2022). Does meditation training promote pro-environmental behavior? A cross-sectional comparison and a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Environmental Psychology84, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2022.101900