Ajakirja International Journal of Public Sector Management erinumbri külalistoimetajate Frank L.K. Ohemeng ja Tom Christenseni vabalevis olev tekst võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele inimestele, sest haarab vahetult kõiki inimesi. Mõistagi, kui on mõni, kes on riigist ja valitsemisest puutumata, siis neil oleks huvitav seda teksti ja erinumbrit lugeda veidi teistsuguse vaatega.
The emergence and the frequency of what may be described as monumental crises, such as devasting hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and the COVID-19 pandemic, their impact on human health and economic development and the need to forcefully address them have brought forth or resurrected the idea of the administrative state and its role in governance as broadly defined once again (Lin et al., 2020).
Prior to this, the administrative state had continually been demonized as ineffective, inefficient, incompetent, etc. to the extent that some even had earlier called for its dismantling (Barzelay, 1992; Osborne and Plastrick, 1997; Lobao et al., 2018; Wallison, 2018). This call led to what many scholars have described as the “hollowing out” of the state as a result of policies developed to curtail “the strong arm of the state”, which was described as being too congested and overloaded with policymaking and implementation (Rhodes, 2017; Skelcher, 2000). […] In general, the state’s role in governance shifted dramatically due to actions taken by governments until the COVID-19 pandemic hit.
In a report titled: Transition Report, 2020–2021: The State strikes back, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) (2021) notes how there is a growing trend of the acceptance of state involvement in national development and the increased expectations that are now being placed on it.
While the notion of the administrative state has been in existence for quite a long time (Dudley, 2021; Lewis, 2021), its modern usage is attributed to Dwight Waldo in a 1948 book with the title the administrative state (Waldo, 1948; Roberts, 2020).
Kitsas käsitlus on liiga kitsas:
The administrative state, however, is more than developing regulations. In this sense, it takes on a broader meaning, and it is this perspective that we follow here. In this sense, the administrative state comprises the entirety of the public sector. It thus denotes the range of public service institutions in the service to the nation. It is, therefore, a large bureaucracy empowered with significant governing authority.
Paremäärmuslaste ideed ei olegi nii uued:
Prior to the launching of the current attempts to deconstruct the administrative state, neoliberal politicians had charged the administrative state with an array of “crimes”, such as failure to perform; abuse of power; repression of employees, clients and people in general and being muddled, confused, expensive, unresponsive, bloated and self-destructive to the extent that it is now seen as a “splendid hate object” that must be reformed or even destroyed (Goodsell, 1983; Caiden, 1991; Peters and Savoie, 1996).
Nähtamatu käsi on üsna nähtav:
In a more recent analysis, the renowned Economist, Joseph Stiglitz (2021) has emphasized what he describes as the proper role of government [administrative state-emphasis ours] in the economy in a post-COVID world. He is of the view that if states are to restore robust economic growth, then it is imperative to note that market forces alone are inadequate to resolve the various issues at hand and that governments must step up to fill this void and play a key role in recovery.
However, the recent notion of reconstructing the administrative state through the minimalist approaches has unearthed the folly in the attempt to tame the administrative state (Balz, 2020; Cordelli, 2020; Kettl, 2017). The COVID-19 pandemic has shown us the importance of the administrative state in addressing wicked problem.
Ohemeng, F. L., & Christensen, T. (2022). Guest editorial: Rethinking the state of the administrative state: Is the state back in?. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 35(4), 373-387.