Siinviidatu leidis oma koha suuresti põhjusel, et selle artikli link potsatas postkasti umbes samal ajal, kui eileviidatud lugu. Mõlemad tegelevad nö kalduvuse küsimusega, kuid siiski üsna erinevalt. Väga õpetlik on lugeda samast kontseptsioonist kõrvuti artikleid autori sulest, kellele see on põhieriala ning siis nende sulest, kes kasutavad seda kontseptsiooni enda põhieriala küsimustele tähenduse andmiseks. Väga nauditav lugemine just võrdluses, sest annab aimu nii interdistsiplinaarsuse vajalikkusest kui valdkonnaspetsiifiliste sügavuste võimekustest. Kuna ka siinviidatu on vabalevis, siis pikki kommentaare vaja ei ole ning sestap esitan vaid mõned vihjed nendele, kel ei ole aega linki avada. 😇


This is a challenging time for police–community relations. Citizens and police officers lack trust in each other (Pew Research Center, 2020). Trust-building through community policing has been hampered by a global pandemic (Montgomery, 2020). And trust has been undermined by highly publicized incidents in which officers have used deadly force on black and brown men and women.

Jõu kasutamise erinevad modaalsused:

On the one hand, officers tend to justify the use of force by focusing on the possible risks of not using force. Citizens, by contrast, see the same use of force as excessive and unnecessary. These strong and opposing views contribute to an “us against them” mentality.

Kalduvus kinnituse leidmiseks:

Confirmation bias is the tendency for people to receive information and process it in a way that confirms their current preconceptions, attitudes, and beliefs (Nickerson, 1998). We seek out, pay closer attention to, and better remember information consistent with our own preferences and beliefs. By contrast, we tend to avoid, discount, and forget information that challenges those beliefs and preferences (Klayman & Ha, 1987) […] Confirmation bias influences a range of perceptions and judgments, many of which are more directly relevant to police–community relations than how we watch football.

Kalduvus näha maailma nii nagu mina olen, avaldub väga paljudes politseitöö aspektides:

Other studies have shown that confirmation bias can influence the trajectory of a police investigation (Charman et al., 2017; O’Brien, 2009), the ways in which suspects are interrogated (Hill et al., 2008; Kassin et al., 2003; Lidén et al., 2018; Narchet et al., 2010), and how jurors and judges make decisions (Goodman-Delahunty et al., 1998; Lidén et al., 2019).

Kogukonnakeskse politsei keskne küsimus on usaldus ning kalduvus …

Confirmation bias can undermine the trust that is central to community policing. Different perceptions of eventswhether those events are high-profile encounters or everyday interactions—expand the gap between the police and the citizens they serve, making it difficult to work from a common understanding.

Õnneks on “see haigus” ravitav

It is imperative that law enforcement agencies collaborate with scholars, policy makers, and community members to develop comprehensive training programs that address confirmation bias in police work.

Schlosser, M. D., Robbennolt, J. K., Blumberg, D. M., & Papazoglou, K. (2021). Confirmation bias: A barrier to community policingJournal of Community Safety and Well-Being6(4), 162-167.