Hiljuti jagasin ülevaateartiklit 40 aastast ajakirjas European Management Journal, nüüd ilmus artikkel kahest kümnendist Euroopa kriminoloogia valdkonnas.
Konteksti fokuseerimiseks küsitakse: mis on Euroopa kriminoloogia?
Many scholars have argued what European criminology is, could be or should be (Body-Gendrot et al., 2014; Haen-Marshall, 2001; McAra, 2019; Tonry, 2015; Vander Beken, 2019). None have questioned the need for a European criminology and many have argued its necessity […] The editorial note of the inaugural issue of the European Journal of Criminology identified three factors driving the development of criminology in Europe: the rising profile of crime control, criminal justice and security in European politics; the heightened awareness of human rights issues; and the growing communication between countries across the wider Europe (Smith, 2004). […] European criminology is defined by what those who label themselves as European criminologists do,
previous analyses have presented a partial image of the status of European criminology. To contribute to the literature, we address this limitation by analysing the themes presented at the annual conferences of European criminology’s leading professional association: the European Society of Criminology.
Mida uuringus tehti:
We applied topic modelling to analyse the content of 11,724 abstracts accepted for presentation at the annual conferences of the European Society of Criminology between 2001 and 2019, a period in which European criminology saw considerable growth and institutionalization, as evidenced by the steep increase in presentations at the annual conferences of the European Society of Criminology. We analysed the trends in the 50 topics that emerged from a text corpus representing the state of affairs of European criminology to explore changes in European criminological inquiry between 2001 and 2019.
we identified just eight topics that showed a significant increase or decrease in their trajectories over time. Topics on the rise between 2001 and 2019 represent specific research themes such as victims (topic 8), desistance (topic 17), cybercrime (topic 38) and environmental harm (topic 50) or demonstrate the adoption of a methodological vocabulary that is specific to original research abstracts at the European Society of Criminology conferences (topic 18). […] Topics in which interest significantly declined between 2001 and 2019were hate crime (topic 1), homicide rates (topic 4) and sexual offending (topic 32). As a result, it seems that a substantive change in focus took place between 2001 and 2019 within European criminology.
Vander Beken, T., Vandeviver, C., & Daenekindt, S. (2021). Two decades of European criminology: Exploring the conferences of the European Society of Criminology through topic modelling. European Journal of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/14773708211007384