Siinviidatu võiks huvi pakkuda suurele hulgale lugejatele, sest politseivägivald võiks huvi pakkuda nii turvalisusega puutumuses olijatele kui poliitikakujundajatele, narratiivuuring võiks huvi pakkuda uurijatele-tudengitele ning politsei-elanike suhtest ei pääse keegi.
Use of force by the police has generated research activity dating back several decades (e.g., Garner et al., 1995; Henriquez, 1999), but in recent years, interest in these actions—including threats, attempts, and use as a means to gain civilian compliance—have intensiﬁed (e.g., Hollis, 2018; Terrill et al., 2018; Willits & Makin, 2018).
Igapäevapraktikad ei ole palju tähelepanu saanud:
Selecting the scope of actions is critical to conclusions drawn as lower levels of force (e.g., hands on) are more commonly used by police and generally are understudied relative to more serious actions (Bayley & Garofalo, 1989; Garner et al., 1995, 2018; Klinger, 1995; Terrill, 2003; Torres, 2018).
The current study 4 contributes to these efforts by examining police-civilian encounters as transactional events in an effort to build knowledge about how events change over time. This is accomplished by applying a detailed coding instrument to narrative descriptions of force encounters that occurred in two police agencies across a 30-month period. […] Accurate measurement of sequential actions is critical to understanding complex social interactions and decision-making, particularly when it occurs within stressful environments (Makin et al., 2020).
The primary data source was detailed and comprehensive narrative accounts recorded by ofﬁcers and their supervisors of 1743 police-civilian exchanges that occurred across 1180 force incidents during a 30-month period.
In other words, all things being equal, the fewer actions required to bring the civilian safely under control the better (Willits & Makin, 2018). The application of de-escalation strategies, with an emphasis on verbal approaches, may be particularly relevant and impactful in reducing the number of actions.
Unlike most previously reported studies (Fridell & Lim, 2016; Garner et al., 2002; Gau et al., 2010; Stroshine & Brandl, 2019; Terrill & Mastrofski, 2002; Terrill & Paoline, 2012; but see Lawton, 2007 for contradictory ﬁndings), a weak, but statistically signiﬁcant, negative relationship was revealed between maximum force used by the police and maximum civilian resistance. In other words, as civilian resistance increased along the continuum, the maximum force used by ofﬁcers slightly decreased.
Tillyer, R. (2022). Unpacking Sequential Actions Within Use of Force Incidents. Police Quarterly, 25(2), 178–200. https://doi.org/10.1177/10986111211049549