Proloog juhtimisest haridusasutustes

Riigid on erinevad, haridussüsteemid on erinevad, juhtimispraktikad on erinevad … aga kui erinevad? Siinviidatus leiab huviline mõndagi erinevate juhtimispraktikate kohta erinevates haridussüsteemides.

Kontekstiks:

Among economists, the World Management Survey (WMS) for schools is increasingly seen as the gold standard for standardized comparisons of school management, with the instrument (and associated data) being used dozens of times since its inception in 2009.

Autorid seavad eesmärgi:

our goal is to take stock of the WMS for schools and to offer recommendations for its future use in research and policy.

Mis on The World Management Survey for schools?

the goal of the WMS project is to systematically collect data on the usage of management practices at scale, while ensuring comparability across settings and over time. For this reason, the original WMS was based on a selected set of management practices – those for which the WMS team found there was a high degree of consensus ex ante (among consultants and industry experts) that the practice was likely to be ‘good’, in the sense of being a causal determinant of better firm performance.

Varasem tähelepanek:

among the OECD WMS countries (Canada, Germany, Italy, Sweden, the UK, and the US) and also for Brazil, autonomous government schools have higher overall management scores than regular government schools

Juhi võimalused juhtimiseks …

One factor, discussed in section III(i) above, is that principals in regular public schools may have limited discretion to adopt the high-scoring practices (flexible compensation, promotion, hiring, firing, and retention) due to systemlevel constraints. To the extent that this is true, the people management domain may not be capturing management by a school principal but rather management of a school by education authorities.

Järeldustes muuhulgas midagi sellist:

We showed that, in four of the eight WMS countries, management scores were lower and less dispersed in regular government schools than in other schools with more autonomy, particularly in the people management domain.

Hwa, Y. Y., & Leaver, C. (2021). Management in education systems. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 37(2), 367-391.