Siinviidatu leidis oma koha järgmistel põhjustel:
- elektrooniline-digitaalne järelevalve enda laste üle tundub olevat üks neist teemadest, millest paljud eelistavad vaikida, kuid ometi (väär)kasutavad
- järelevalve-küsimused on ühiskonnas usalduse ja koherentsuse aspektist ühed kesksed nii valitsemise, kollektiivi kui indiviidi tasandil
- tegemist on Eesti juhtumiga ning seetõttu võib huvi pakkuda paljudele
- uuringus kasutatakse q-meetodit, mille võimekus sotsiaalsete nähtuste seletamisel on väga kõrge
… ja väga heas stiilis kirjutatud tekst (ladus, selge, lugejat juhatav).
This so-called intimate surveillance – a purposeful and regularly well-intentioned surveillance of children and young people – has become a part of the present-day networked culture (Leaver, 2015).
Autorid seavad eesmärgi:
This paper aims to contribute to filling this gap by adding children’s perspective to the discussions related to parental use of child-tracking technologies. We combined Q methodology – a method which is designed for investigating patterns of subjectivity (e.g. shared views, attitudes, opinions) of social life (Ellingsen, Thorsen, & Størksen, 2014) with semi-structured individual interviews with 8–13-year-old Estonian pre-teens (n = 20), who were aware of such a close and seemingly invasive monitoring by their parents (Leaver, 2015). Our aim was to explore pre-teens’ viewpoints and experiences related to their parents’ usage of child-tracking technologies.
We believe that studying this topic in Estonia, one of the most advanced digital countries (Kotka, Vargas, & Korjus, 2015) and of the most easy-going nations in Europe in the context of privacy (Eurobarometer, 2011), could provide interesting insights on the matter. Research (Tulviste & Konstabel, 2017; Tulviste, Mizera, & De Geer, 2012) suggests that Estonian parents combine different values and qualities in their child-rearing practices – characteristics related to autonomy (e.g. independence, self-confidence) co-exist with those of relatedness (e.g. being polite and hardworking) – as it is believed that a wide variety of qualities are needed to be successful. Studies indicate that Estonian mothers are achievement orientated (Tulviste et al., 2012) and perceived by their children as accepting and somewhat controlling (Aavik & Aavik, 2012).
Marx and Steeves (2010, p. 205) “spying has become an enhanced parenting tool”. In fact, normalisation of such intimate surveillance (Leaver, 2015) has reached a point where offline parenting could be viewed as irresponsible and reckless behaviour (Leaver, 2017).
Väga nukrad andmed:
EU Kids Online survey findings from Estonia indicate that 22% of Estonian parents (n = 1000) have started to make use of some tracking technologies to monitor their child, however only 13% of the children (n = 1000) are aware of such surveillance (Sukk & Soo, 2018).
… mis võivad juhatada …
For example, although previous research suggests that children up to 10 years of age “display robust positive moral judgements about digital tracking and digital privacy” (Gelman, Martinez, Davidson, & Noles, 2018, p. 9), in case of older children such excessive intervention could worsen family dynamics.
Vanemad-lapsed, ülemused-alluvad …
Most of the children in our sample either found out about the use of these apps themselves or were briefly informed by the parents without any opportunities for negotiation. The latter finding indicates that authoritarian and child obedience-oriented childrearing values, as claimed by Talves and Kalmus (2015), continue to play an important role in the family processes and dynamics.
Kantilikus tähenduses alaealiste (=vastutustundetute) kasvatamine:
Our findings also indicate that parental tracking may promote a certain degree of irresponsibility in children. For example, children associated with Factors 2 and 3 believed that they are not responsible for their own safety and wellbeing, leaving that task to their parents.
Marit Sukk & Andra Siibak (2021) “My mom just wants to know where I Am”. Estonian pre-teens perspectives on intimate surveillance by parents, Journal of Children and Media, DOI: 10.1080/17482798.2021.2014646