Tõepoolest, miks teevad inimesed politseiga koostööd? Siinviidatu tegeleb selle küsimusega legitiimsuse tähendusruumis instrumentaalse ja normatiivse perspektiivi kaudu. Tekst võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele politseinikele ja turvalisusega puutumuses olijatele, aga ka üldiselt neile, kes mõtlevad ühiskonnas toimuva üle ja püüavad ümbritsevat mõista erinevatest perspektiividest.

Kontekstiks:

“Some scholars argue that it is the instrumental function of police—that is, their effectiveness in maintaining social order–that leads to an increase in the perceptions of police legitimacy (e.g. Boateng, 2017; Jonathan-Zamir and Weisburd, 2011; Tankebe, 2009, 2013, 2019). Contrarily, some scholars argue that it is the normative function of police—that is, their use of procedurally just processes that signal concern and value–that lead to increases in the perceptions of police legitimacy (e.g. Reisig and Lloyd, 2009; Sunshine and Tyler, 2003; Tyler and Huo, 2002; Tyler et al., 2010).” (Lee et al., 2022, p. 812)

Legitiimsus siinse teksti tähenduses:

“The current study conceptualized legitimacy, not as a singular construct but as a framework of related attitudes. Specifically, we focused on the two stages of the integrated framework of legitimacy: evaluations of the police (i.e. trustworthiness) and internalizations (i.e. obligation to obey) (Hamm et al.,2017).” (Lee et al., 2022, p. 813)

Usaldusväärsus ja allumiskohustus:

“When an individual believes that the police are trustworthy, they are more likely to follow the law, accept the decisions made by the police and more likely to cooperate with the police (Gau, 2014; Nagin and Telep, 2017; Tyler and Huo, 2002). The second dimension of police legitimacy is the Obligation to obey. Obligation to obey is a feeling or a belief or right or wrong by individuals. That is, people comply with orders of the police and the law because they feel or believe that it is the right thing to do (Jackson and Bradford, 2010; Tyler, 2006; Tyler and Huo, 2002).” (Lee et al., 2022, p. 813)

Instrumentaalne mudel:

“According to Sunshine and Tyler (2003, p. 514), “the instrumental model suggests that the police develop and maintain legitimacy through their effectiveness in fighting crime and disorder in the community”.” (Lee et al., 2022, p. 813)

Normatiivne mudel:

“Contrarily, the normative model suggests that citizen perceptions of police legitimacy are grounded in the procedures used by the police when interacting with the public (Mazerolle et al., 2013a, b; Reisig and Lloyd, 2009; Sunshine and Tyler, 2003; Tyler, 1990).” (Lee et al., 2022, p. 814)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“Thus, individuals who view the police to be more procedurally just also report increased levels of Trustworthiness and Obligation to Obey which ultimately lead to increased levels of cooperation with the police. Police Effectiveness similarly predicted Trustworthiness but, contrary to our hypothesis, was less predictive than was Procedural Justice. Similarly, Police Effectiveness failed to significantly predict Obligation to Obey.” (Lee et al., 2022, p. 822)

Lee, S. U., Hamm, J., & Lee, Y. H. (2022). Instrumental and normative pathways to police legitimacy: Why do people cooperate with the police? Policing: An International Journal45(5), 812–827. https://doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2022-0037