Proloog domineerimisest ja inimõigustest

Inimõigused saavad tänases Eesti avalikus ruumis minu arvates teenimatult vähe tähelepanu, kuigi nii igapäevapoliitika kui viirusega seotud piirangute kontekstis võiks eeldada ka inimõigustele suurema tähelepanu osutamist. Sestap siinviidatu siinses voos oma koha leidiski.

Artikli eesmärk:

In this article we examine the relationship between human rights law and social control in a way that may appear counter-intuitive. Rather than considering human rights law as a means by which individuals resist the regulation of their conduct, which is how human rights law is often understood, we examine how human rights law can produce new and intensify existing forms of social control. Our aim is to demonstrate that human rights law – which codifies ‘abstract values’ and endorses ‘social practices to realize those values’

Sotsiaalse kontrolli avar tähendusväli:

Cohen, for example, understood social control as ‘the organized ways in which society responds to behaviour and people it regards as deviant, problematic, worrying, threatening, troublesome or undesirable in some way or another’ (1985: 1). By contrast, Foucault (1988) and Mead (1934) considered, albeit in different ways, how social control is achieved through self-surveillance or self-control (for a discussion, see Deflem, 2015).

Inimõigused õigusruumi raamistajana:

Innes notes that human rights can provide a form of ‘meta control’ over the legal systems of countries […] human rights law is a key aspect of the ‘control patterns’ of contemporary societies and a mechanism for creating ‘both change and stability’ in their social orders

Mõned järeldused:

As we have shown, human rights law provides an arena in which competing parties can contest what should be regarded as deviant and, therefore, what requires social control. In taking complaints to the Court, individuals often seek to use human rights law as a means to ‘label’ particular forms of individual or group conduct as deviant and instigate social control of it. By contrast, in defending themselves against complaints in the Court, national governments seek to establish that their social control practices are compatible with human rights law and therefore acceptable.

Johnson, P., & Falcetta, S. (2021). Human rights law as social control. European Journal of Criminology, 18(4), 603–619.