No ei oska öelda, kas mul on mingi trauma või …, aga humanismi puudutav torkab järjest teravamalt silma-kõrva. Osaliselt ilmselt sellel põhjusel ning lisaks seetõttu, et tegu on nii hariduse, turvalisust, organisatsioone kui säästvat arengut puudutavaga ehk siinse kodulehe kõiki peateemasid läbistava küsimusega, leiab see artikkel endale koha siin uudiste kogunemise voos. Ja veel, kriitiline teooria … sellest siin lehel kunagi edaspidi. Aga võib-olla ka mitte.

Kontekstiks:

the fact that what human beings think and do is always anchored in how they understand themselves as human beings

Artikkel on kantud küsimusest:

What anthropological and humanistic designs would be available to follow this train of thought, and perhaps take it up and even further advance it?

Max Horkheimer’i tekstidele viidates juhatatakse lugejat kriitilise teooria radadele:

This positioning between social criticism, philosophy and anthropology becomes clear in the very first sentence: ‘Where in the present time philosophers speak about the human being, there is rarely any reference to the fact that the basic question of philosophy, namely that of being as such, cannot be detached from that of the human; and at least the newer European philosophy, where that of existence or Dasein is not excluded, is characterized by the fact that the doctrine of being as such, follows in the course of the investigation the effort to gain insight into the being of humans’

Kuidas ühiskond vormib indiviidi?

  1. Society’s influence on the individual begins immediately after birth and is formative for the rest of each person’s life. […] 2. […] ‘education in the specific sense of humanism and German idealism’ is abandoned. […] 3. Critical theory has always been concerned with the consequences for culture that this development brings with it.

Väga terav, kuid asjakohane torge Adornolt:

According to Adorno, Nazism capitalized on this very context: ‘The violence of Nazism, the thing that really attracted people, is probably the belief that man himself could be like nature’

Fromm toob sisse relatsioonilisuse:

According to ‘Fromm, man’s “nature”, if we can call it such, is essentially relational . . . his health is dependent on social relations, on the nature of those relations [ . . . ]’

Kriitiline teooria tuleb appi:

In my view, Plummer’s proposal for a critical humanism contains important elements for updating humanist orientations, but I also believe that it is a rather defensive one that ends up accommodating itself too greatly to post-humanist criticism. Turning towards critical theory may well help prevent this, for critical humanism could then be understood as a program of social and cultural research that has to be in touch with the concrete social and political challenges that human beings are facing in our societies.

Kozlarek, O. (2021). From the humanism of critical theory to critical humanism. European Journal of Social Theory, 24(2), 246–263. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431020960958