Suurt vaidlust ei ole selle üle, et politseil on mõju turvalisusele ühiskonnas ning sellise mõju ulatus on peamiselt sõltuvuses politsei käitumisest (strateegiad), mitte arvukusest, vormi värvist või kasutatavast tehnoloogiast. Siinviidatu võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele politseinikele, turvalisuspoliitika kujundajatele aga ka igale lapsevanemale, sest tegeleb politseipraktikate mõjuga noorte kuritegelikule käitumisele ja näitab, mis võib juhtuda siis, kui politseid kardetakse.
Scholars are certainly paying attention to attitudes t ward the police considering individuals who perceive police negatively tend to commit more crime, cooperate less with their directives, and feel less obligated to obey the law (Trinkner, Kerrison, & Goff, 2019; Trinkner, Mays, Cohn, Van Gundy, & Rebellon, 2019; Tyler, 2006). Indeed, recent studies of adults find that poor perceptions of the police are linked to less felt obligation to obey the law (Baker & Gau, 2018; Fine & van Rooij, 2021; Mazerolle, Bennett, Davis, Sargeant, & Manning, 2013; Walters & Bolger, 2019).
The present study bridges the procedural justice framework (Tyler, 2003) with general strain theory (Agnew, 1992, 2016) to examine whether youths’ fear of the police might undermine their felt obligation to obey the law through promoting psychological distress and mental health symptomatology.
General strain theory (GST; Agnew, 1992, 2016) focuses on understanding how different types of experiences produce individual strain. At a broad level, GST elucidates the emotional, social, and psychological processes that contribute to crime and delinquency.
Selgitus politseipraktikate olulisusest USA näitel:
Examining the rates and consequences of early adolescents’ fears of the police is important especially in the modern era considering the country recently bore witness to the deaths of young people of color, including Breonna Taylor and George Floyd, at the hands of law enforcement and some of the largest protests in U.S. history (JosephSalisbury et al., 2020; McDowell & Fernandez, 2018).
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Agnew (2006) extended GST by arguing that while there are various types of strains, specific types are more likely to promote crime. In particular, Agnew (2006) argued that there are subjective and objective strains. Subjective strains refer to events or conditions disliked by people who experience them.
On a theoretical level, this study provides important empirical support for integrating the general strain theory and the procedural justice framework and applying them to youth and policing. On a practical level, in line with the growing body of work on the effects of policing on youth health and mental health (e.g., Del Toro et al., 2021; Jackson, Del Toro, et al., 2021), this study suggests that mental health practitioners should screen youth for their fear of police because it could indicate a traumatic, generalized strain that can result in poor mental health and maladaptive coping strategies.
Fine, A. D., Del Toro, J., & Orosco, C. (2022). Consequences of fearing police: Associations with youths’ mental health and felt obligation to obey both the law and school rules. Journal of Criminal Justice, 101934.