Frontex, Cepol, jpt turvalisusega ja turvalisuse-julgeoleku piiridega tegelevate organisatsioonide praktikaid kriminoloogia valdkonnas palju uuritud ei ole. Ainuüksi seetõttu on siinne tekst oluline. Lisaks on siin nii teoreetilisi kui praktilisi mõttekäike – nt. suveräänsus, võim -, mis võivad paljudele huvi pakkuda. Tekst on vabalevis ja palju selgitusi ei vaja.

Konteksti avamisel märgitakse:

The Southern Mediterranean border has in the past decade become one of the most deeply contested political spaces in Europe. This liminal space between Europe and Africa has seen intense media and political focus on boat arrivals as well as high levels of contestation surrounding search and rescue activities (SAR). […] almost 20,000 people have died in the Mediterranean Sea since 2014, making it the most dangerous border in the world


The article explores this two-sided nature of the border spectacle, and the media economy supporting it. It examines the visual and discursive framing of the Mediterranean border by two of the most prominent actors in the field: the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, Frontex, and the humanitarian and medical non-governmental organization (NGO) Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).

Milles intriig seisneb?

The two organizations have been in recent years drawn into an increasingly contentious disagreement about search and rescue activities in the region.

… ja suveräänsusest:

Giorgio Agamben’s (1998) understanding of sovereignty as a production of bare life […] According to Brown (2010: 25), under conditions of contestation and erosion of state sovereignty, borders and border walls become prime sites for the theatrical staging of sovereignty; they ‘function theatrically, projecting power and efficaciousness that they do not and cannot actually exercise and that they also performatively contradict’

Osalised ja auditoorium Twitteris:

This article examines NGO engagement with social media which provides useful insights into their strategies of making claims on authority. Tellingly, while Frontex’s Twitter account has 38,400 followers, MSF_Sea’s followers number 90,100 and its mother organization, MSF International, has 152,700 followers.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks vihje kokkuvõttest:

Although humanitarian sentiments may feature in the (backstage) motivations of individual officers (Aas and Gundhus, 2015; Perkowski, 2018), Frontex Twitter communications, in the chosen period, reveal fundamental differences with those of humanitarian actors. This underlines the importance of paying attention to both frontstage and backstage behaviour of institutional actors, including their performative aspects in terms of how they chose to present themselves to global audiences.

Franko, K. (2021). The two-sided spectacle at the border: Frontex, NGOs and the theatres of sovereignty. Theoretical Criminology.