Aruandekohuslus, läbipaistvus jms võiks olla midagi avalike organisatsioonide esindajatele iseenesestmõistetavat, kui mõelda õiglustunde loomisele. Ometi on inimesi, kes on politsei suhtes umbusklikud ning oleks jultunud väita, et neil selleks põhjust ei ole. Siinviidatu võiks huvi pakkuda väga suurele lugejaskonnale, sest puudutab tundlikke avaliku elu tahke.

Kontekstiks – keegi saab rohkem tähelepanu, kui keegi teine

“Ethnic minority men often feel that the police suspect them of criminal activities (Sharp and Atherton 2007; Haller et al. 2020b; Saarikkomäki et al. 2021), and they report being targets of officers’ micro harassments (Haller et al. 2020a) and excessive use of force (Fassin 2013; Novich and Hunt 2017). Ethnic minority youth are thus key targets of what has been described as ‘the police gaze’ (Finstad 2000).” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 1)

Vahendid ja kanalid on olulised:

“Once on the internet, officers’ (mis)conduct become accessible to large heterogeneous audiences, such as the general public, police administration and prosecutors, who can now be made aware of, and make moral and sometimes even legal assessment of officers’ actions (Schaefer and Steinmetz 2014).” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 2)

Artikli piiritlemine:

“little research exists on non-organised/non-activist ethnic minority young people’s use cell phone cameras in their everyday encounters with the police. Against this background, this paper draws on 37 interviews from Denmark to explore the multifaceted nature of marginalised ethnic minority young people’s use of cell phone cameras.” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 2)

“Pilk” ei ole kunagi neutraalne, vaid osa võimusuhetest:

“Inspired by Foucault’s assertion that ‘the gaze’ is never neutral, but rather embedded in power-relations and productions of ‘truths’ (1977), scholars have argued that the current pervasiveness of cell phone cameras and social media is challenging traditional police–citizen power-relations (Goldsmith 2010; Wall and Linnemann 2014).” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 3)

Filmimine iseenesest ei pruugi täita temale pandud ootust (õigustust):

“Consequently, increased citizen filming does not automatically result in increased police accountability. Rather, the situation today seems to be that the filming of officers has become a key component in ongoing power struggles between the police and citizens.” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 3)

Filmijate erineva profiilid:

“While some videos are recorded by self-identified accountability activists, many are produced by ‘ordinary’ young minority men approached by the police, or by bystanders who happen to be present during a police stop or arrest.” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 4)

Vabadus salvestada ja jagada:

“In Denmark, the law does not prohibit citizens from filming officers in public spaces, as long as this does not obstruct the work of officers. Also, there is no law prohibiting citizens from uploading videos of officers on the internet, as long as these do not contain sensitive personal information.” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 4)

Vastupanu:

“Similar to other types of cultural resistance enacted by marginalised young men (Bourgois 2003; Jensen 2011), the making, sharing and watching of these police videos can engender a sense of agency and empowerment in opposition to the power of the police institution.” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 10)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“While the fight for the (continued) right to film the police is important, it would be a mistake to assume that citizens’ filming can serve as a technological ‘fix’ to the problem of ethnic profiling and police maltreatment of ethnic minorities.” (Søgaard et al., 2022, p. 14)

Søgaard, T. F., Kolind, T., Haller, M. B., Kammersgaard, T., & Hunt, G. (2022). ‘Filming Is Our Only Weapon Against the Police’: Ethnic Minorities and Police Encounters in the New Visibility Era. The British Journal of Criminology, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azac056