Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst on siinse kodulehe teemavaldkondade tähenduses üsna piiripealne. Oma koha leidis see põhjusel, et (1) esitatud mõttekäigud pakuvad sisendit peale kriminoloogia ka mitmetesse teistessegi valdkondadesse ning (2) uurimuse metoodika võib huvi pakkuda ka tudengitele-uurijatele.

Kontekstiks:

Exposure to radical content over the Internet has a salient relationship with both cognitive and behavioral outcomes of radicalization, compared to other media‐related factors. However, the quality of this evidence is low and results should be interpreted in light of this.

Eesmärk:

The aim of this review was to identify if, and to what degree, media‐effects can be identified as risk factors for radicalization.

Analüüsiallikad:

This review includes 53 studies spanning the period 2002–2020, with most published between 2016 and 2020. The studies mostly used samples of respondents from Europe and North America, and several from Middle Eastern and Asian countries.

Igapäevatarbimisest:

Simple media consumption is unlikely to be associated with any significant risk of radicalization, including one‐time exposures to radical content. Despite alternative hypotheses that increases in risk are a function of certain psychological traits, such as aggression, differences in the magnitude of estimates are negligible.

Alahinnata ei maksa:

The findings therefore support a policy focus on the Internet that views it as a potential source of risk. In practice, problematic Internet usage, and engagement with radical content online in particular, should be investigated as being added as a risk factor item in risk assessment.

Levinud strateegiad:

Currently, the most common strategies to combat the risks of Internet‐based radicalization are (1) content removal, (2) counternarratives, and (3) digital literacy. However, the evidence based for each of these approaches is lacking (Zeiger & Gyte, 2020).

Kõik ideed, mis tunduvad head, ei pruugi seda olla:

Moreover, by removing radicals from more open platforms (such as Twitter), they may move to platforms that are more difficult to monitor (such as Telegram). Furthermore, content filtering and removal is usually driven by algorithms, and inevitably leads to the removal of legitimate content and may impinge on civil liberties (Hasisi et al., 2019).

Wolfowicz, M., Hasisi, B., & Weisburd, D. (2022). What are the effects of different elements of media on radicalization outcomes? A systematic reviewCampbell Systematic Reviews18(2), e1244.