Kuigi pealkiri viitab ennetusküsimustele ning kahe riigi politseipraktikate võrdlusega on tegemist, siis sisuliselt on artikkel organisatsioonireformidest. Autor Garth den Heyer’i tekstid on politseihuvilistele kindlasti tuttavad ja organisatsioonide valdkonna süvateadmisi demonstreeritakse ka siinviidatud tekstis.Artikkel võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele politsei- ja turvalisusorganisatsioonide juhtimisega tegelevatele aga ka poliitikakujundajatele ja ennetushuvilistele.

Kontekstiks … kõik kriminaalpoliitikad ei tuginegi kriminoloogiateooriatel:

“One of the primary criminological theories is that crime can be prevented. This is especially so when criminal justice policies have been derived from criminological theories (Sherman, et  al., 2006), but unfortunately, most criminal policies are not based on these theories (Barlow & Decker, 2009).” (Heyer, 2022, p. 1)

Kaks strateegiat:

“The New Zealand Police was one of the first police agencies to adopt a prevention strategy. In 2009, the New Zealand Police adopted its first form of the strategy, Policing Excellence (New Zealand Police, 2011). Policing Excellence provided the platform for Prevention First, which was both a strategy and a transformation program (den Heyer, 2016a).” (Heyer, 2022, p. 2) […] “Another police service that has adopted a preventative approach is Police Scotland. Police Scotland introduced their program in 2014. Police Scotland (2015) affirmed that prevention formed the basis of everything they did, but they adopted the strategy at a more operational or local level than the New Zealand Police did.” (Heyer, 2022, p. 2)

Autor lubab:

“This article assesses the processes used by the New Zealand Police and Police Scotland in adopting a prevention strategy, how successful the strategy has been in decreasing the occurrence of crime and whether there has been any increase in the level of confidence held in the police by the public. The article also compares how each police service has used the strategy after it was implemented.” (Heyer, 2022, p. 2)

Politseikultuur … ei teagi, kas rõõmustada või kurvastada … (inimestel vist rõõmustamiseks palju põhjust ei ole)

“The culture of the police was pinpointed as a barrier to the implementation of new methods of policing (Stanko & Dawson, 2015). Police practice and decision-making has typically relied on ‘gut feelings’ and that change is not needed because things have always been done that way (Magnusson, 2018; Stanko & Dawson, 2015). The police have also been characterized as not being interested in theory and that they prefer to use their own knowledge over the findings of research (Rowe, et al., 2016; Stanko & Dawson, 2016).” (Heyer, 2022, p. 4)

Strateegiate valik tõukus erinevatest põhjustest:

“The first difference was the reason for adopting the strategy. The primary reason that the New Zealand Police adopted the strategy was financial and was based on the demand for them to become more efficient and effective in the use of their resources (den Heyer, 2016a, 2018, 2020; Whitehead, 2008). Police Scotland, however, did not adopt the strategy for financial reasons, but as a strategic priority so that they would achieve their vision of keeping people safe (Scottish Police Authority, 2015).” (Heyer, 2022, p. 11)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“As highlighted by the organisational climate and organisational culture theories, organizations only succeed in their environment to the extent that they use procedures and programs to improve their service delivery even though the relationship of these to organizational performance is not known (Mastrofski & Uchida, 1996). Although the agencies adopted different forms of the strategy, the New Zealand Police approach was comprehensive, while the Police Scotland approach was a part of their overall service delivery model.” (Heyer, 2022, p. 15)

den Heyer, G. (2022). Prevention Policing: Two Different Strategic Approaches. Public Organization Review, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11115-022-00633-w