Iga enesetapp on liiga palju, kuid olukorras, kus enesetappe Eestis (vt nt siit ja siit) on isegi vägivaldsete surmadega nagu tapmised (vt nt siit) ja liikluses hukkunud (vt nt siit) absurdselt palju, siis siinviidatud artikli viitamata jätmine ei tundunud hea ideena. Selliseid tekste lugedes saab igapäevane nö argitraagika teistsuguse tähenduse ning jääb vaid loota, et juhid-ametnikud-valitsejad satuvad sedalaadi tekste lugema.
Globally, approximately 800,000 people die from suicide every year (World Health Organization, 2019). Suicide occurs across the lifespan and is among the three leading causes of death in those aged 15–44 years
Autor võtab eesmärgiks:
Taking as its starting point the emergence of suicide prevention in the modern era and the shift from institutionalisation to whole-of-community interventions, this work aims to develop a theoretical understanding of moral and political reasoning in current suicide prevention policy and practice through application of the concepts of moral and political economy.
Mõttekäigud lahenduse poole liikumisel:
Modern approaches to suicide, therefore, are not assumed to be a by-product of immanent social forces or structures such as secularisation, medicalisation, or Enlightenment humanism (Taylor, 1995). Rather, they mark an attempt by those faced with the issue of suicide to make sense of it, and to devise new ways of responding to the challenges it presented. Suicide continues to be subject to normalising judgements and interventionist practices, yet the way it is conceived and made manageable in the modern era draws upon new constellations of knowledge, expertise, ethics, and power. […] Everyday concerns such as work, sex, finances, marriage, parenting, and alcohol became the basis for predicting vulnerabilities to suicide. This was compatible with the push to create new fields of practice outside of the institutional setting – for psychiatrists, but also psychologists, social workers, and counsellors
Kokkuvõtvad ja lugemishuvi äratamiseks mõeldud tähelepanekud tekstist:
This work provides an analysis of key moral, strategic, procedural, and distributive dimensions of suicide prevention to illustrate the role of value judgements, ideologies, and vested political and commercial interests in shaping the field. […] This work contributes to debates about the importance of bringing suicide and suicide prevention into the arena of moral and political life to reflect on dominant policy and practice paradigms, and, in particular, taken-for-granted ethical assumptions about progress, care, social responsibility, and the public good.
Fitzpatrick, S. J. (2021). The moral and political economy of suicide prevention. Journal of Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1177/14407833211001112