Influencerite (on ikka eestikeelne sõna! :)) ajastul pakub siinviidatu kasuliku vaate hälbivale käitumisele. Uuringu osa tulemustest võivad paljudele tunduda üllatuslikud ning ainuüksi seetõttu tasuks teksti lugeda. Ja lugemisvajadus võiks siinse teksti puhul ületada ainult krimivaldkonnast huvitatuid, sest siit leiab seletusi ka igapäevakäitumisele tööl, kodus ja puhkehetkel.

Kontekstiks:

self-control has been subject to extensive empirical testing. Gottfredson and Hirschi’s (1990) General Theory of Crime (GTC) posits that the underlying cause of crime is self-control, and its effect is universal and general, such that self-control is expected to “explain all crime, at all times” (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990, p. 117). […] self-control is found to have difficulty in explaining the relationship between peers and delinquency. […] GTC argued that the relationship between peers and crime is the product of a self-selection process.

Kurjategijatest kaaslased ei pruugi kurja teha, kuid …

Deviant peer groups do not cause crime; instead, they attract individuals lacking self-control who were already involved in crime due to their similarity in characteristics.

Eesmärk:

this study investigates whether self-control can moderate the impact of normative influence by deviant peers and informal socializing with peers on crime using longitudinal data from the Pathways to Desistance study, a longitudinal sample of serious adolescent offenders.

NB! Teksti mõistmiseks oleks hea enne meenutada, mis on kiire ja aeglane mõtlemine (vt nt siit).

The dual-systems model suggests that human decision making is influenced by two interdependent cognitive systems […] the impact of exposure to deviant peers may be stronger for individuals higher in self-control. Individuals with higher self-control are capable of activating the second system. They are more likely to process the information in an effortful and deliberate manner and consider a broad range of long-term consequences from their behaviors.

Põhjuse-tagajärje eristamine:

Based on the “birds of a feather flock together” maxim, the peer effects arguably reflect a consequence, not a cause of one’s delinquent behavior.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks üks provokatiivsena näida võiv järeldus:

individuals with higher self-control may be more vulnerable to normative influences by deviant peers than those with lower self-control, whereas informal socializing with peers may have a stronger impact for individuals with lower self-control than for those with higher self-control.

Yim, H.-N. (2021). The Differential Relationship between Self-Control and Peer Influences over Time: Toward an Integrative Model of Offending Using a Dual-Systems Approach. Crime & Delinquency, 67(12), 1903–1934. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128720977448