Siinviidatu võiks olla huvitav neile, kes korraldavad politseitööd või strateegilisi valikuid organisatsioonis. Politseivaldkonna erialakirjanduses leidub harva sedalaadi tekste, kus käsitletakse rakendatavate strateegiate võimalikku mõju rakendajatele endile, mis omakorda raamistab rakendamise potentsiaali. Ja strateegiavalikud ei ole ainult politsei enda valikud, vaid on raamistatud nii riiklikest poliitikatest kui ka lihtsamatest ja vahetumalt mõjuvatest aspektidest nagu näiteks politsei rahastamine.
Siinne vabalevis olev tekst haarab teadmust nii kognitiivpsühholoogiast kui neuroteadustest ja näitab, miks mõned (politsei)strateegiad võivad osutuda kontraproduktiivseteks.
Contrary to modern managerialism, rational behaviour is rare, at least in the real world. Emotion drives behaviour as it has always done in our evolutionary past. […] For example, both de-escalation training and hostage negotiation skills are based on emotional needs. Similarly, community policing is built on the principle of establishing trust.
The article acknowledges that policing is a dangerous profession and that it is unfair that many problems in society are left to the police to resolve which are beyond their remit or ability to do so. […] Policies and strategies need to understand that police legitimacy is about trust that is easily lost but very difficult to regain. It is nonetheless vital for creating safe communities and good police citizen relationships.
Usaldus ja strateegilised valikud:
the ability of police to overcome the nonconscious reluctance to trust strangers is vital to consensus policing. The understanding of these fundamental processes may help the designing and implementation of effective policing strategies. It may help police officers better understand the emotional processes underpinning the decision-making processes of citizens as well as their own.
Politsei – kolm stressi allikat
Professionally, police encounter stress from three different sources: occupational stress, organizational stress and socio-ecological stress
Hmm, … teadmistepõhine politsei?
Unfortunately, police training is rarely scientific, often being based on misinformation and pseudoscience […] Beyond initial training, police work is more craft than science that is taught by experienced colleagues […] This craft encourages pragmatic solutions to problems. Sometimes these solutions may conflict with written instructions or laws; at other times there are no policies or laws available
Politsei peab olema valmis … tapma
Other training focuses on the need to have a killer mindset, the willingness to take a human life. This emphasizes the ‘warrior ethos’ where crime fighting is violent confrontation (Balko, 2017). One police trainer alleges that police officers must shoot earlier than common sense would assume, such is the speed at which suspects can draw concealed firearms and shoot (Apuzzo, 2015).
There is a need for less of the warrior ethos and more of the serving the community ethos. Trust is easily lost but notoriously difficult to rebuild once lost. The emotional brain is not logical and it evaluates on the basis of feelings; the choice is one of feeling safe with local police officers or feeling threatened by their very presence. Police need members of the public to make the calls to alert them to criminal activity and as importantly, police need publicly spirited community members to step forward to give evidence in trials.
Sweeney, K. (2021). Understanding emotion as a strategy in policing. The Police Journal. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032258X211018496