Ebavõrdsus on midagi sellist, mis läbib kõiki selle lehe valdkondi ning seetõttu siinviidatu endale koha leidiski.

Kontekstist:

Rising inequality is one of the most pressing social problems for contemporary sociologists to address (Lamont and Pierson, 2019). One question that acutely draws our attention concerns the formation of ordinary people’s perceptions of inequality […] Recent research has indicated that, paradoxically, rising inequality strengthens people’s belief in meritocracy, that is, the belief that we have equal opportunities in a society where success hinges upon skills and effort (Mijs, 2019)

Artikli ambitsioon:

In this article, we draw upon qualitative, longitudinal interviews with 36 Danes born in 1995. This methodology allows us to demonstrate the multi-layered, temporal formation of lay inequality perceptions. […] we distinguish between ‘the micro-, meso-, and macro-level contextual factors that can shape perceptions of inequality’

Võrdsetest võimalustest – lõks

if people stay in environments that are very homogenous, their knowledge of how life outcomes might be shaped by forces outside one’s own control is, at best, more abstract and less grounded in personal experiences (Dawtry et al., 2015; Newman, 2013). The intersection of these factors may explain the paradoxical finding that rising inequality appears to strengthen people’s belief in equal opportunities.

Egalitaarsus Taanis

Anthropologists describe Danish culture as egalitarian (Gullestad, 2003; Jenkins, 2011), and an equalising of opportunity structures has been a top political priority for decades (Danish Government, 2006). […] Most children and young people in Denmark find themselves in socio-economic heterogeneous milieus at some point during primary, secondary or higher education, and the first-hand experiences of other people’s plight or privilege has the potential to make people question the notion of equal opportunities (Mijs, 2019). […] The majority of the young adults in this study did not believe that all young people in Denmark have equal opportunities, and our analysis identified the cultural script linked to the Danish concept of social arv as widely being brought into play.

Mõned järeldused:

We find that young Danes view the free, comprehensive educational system in Denmark as an important part of a broader welfare system that secures equal opportunities in principle, while they simultaneously exhibit a nuanced awareness of the social forces that work against equal opportunities in practice. […] our study demonstrates how perceptions of (in)equality are linked to lived experiences unfolding across various social arenas shaped by micro-, meso- and macrolevel contextual factors […] Laypeople are vigilant observers of the social processes that (re)produce inequality, and this study shows that when we asked and listened to the young adults, they conveyed nuanced visions of how the Danish welfare state could and should equalise opportunity structures.

Andersen, D., Lue Kessing, M., & Østergaard, J. (2021). ‘We Have Equal Opportunities – in Theory’: Lay Perceptions of Privilege, Meritocracy and Inequality in Denmark. Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038521999203