Hispaania tuntud sotsioloogi ja erakordselt mõjuka võrgustikke käsitleva raamatu The Rise of the Network Society autori Manuel Castells’i essee leidis siinses voos oma koha ainuüksi essee esimese lause tõttu, sest ikka enam võib kohata eksperte-asjatundjaid (deoreetikuid, Aaro Toomela väljenduses), kes jätavad mulje, et nad ei tea enda käsitletava probleemi või aine kontekstist suurt midagi.
Growing up in fascist Spain, it was obvious to me that power, the capacity to impose the will of some upon others’ will, is the template of our lives—in all societies and under all circumstances.
It is important to recognize the preeminence of power relations; it is also important, however, to differentiate the processes by which power rules in our minds, the critical site where, so to speak, ‘everything is decided’. Simplifying history and the history of political philosophy, I became convinced that there are two major forms of power making: coercion (à la Weber or Hobbes) and symbolic influence or the construction of hegemony (à la Foucault or à la Gramsci, depending on taste). Of course, in every society, both forms are combined.
Kui autor hakkas uurima digitehnoloogia arengutega kaasnevat, siis …
What I soon discovered, investigating around the world, is that a new social structure emerged (and nowadays is globally deployed), as the industrial society was the social structure emerging from the industrial revolution. I conceptualized this structure as the network society because what I observed was the networking in real time of all domains of human activity, therefore transforming the expression of power relations.
And now the new forms of fascism are using digital communication to their advantage, opening up a critical realm of confrontation with those of us who continue to refuse tyranny.
Castells, M. (2021). From cities to networks: Power rules. Journal of Classical Sociology, 21(3–4), 260–262. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468795X211022054