Covid19 levikuga seotud muudatused ühiskonnas turvalisuse aspektist on teisendanud ka politseid nii organisatsiooni kui käitumise (policing) tähenduses. Ja neid teisenemisi oleks kasulik uurida, kui on eesmärk mõista toimuvaid muutuseid ja õppida. Siin üks uuring, kuhu ka Eesti oli kutsutud, kuid mis sealt siiski välja jäi (niisugune mulje jäi minul). Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovič’i eestvedamisel on käimas ja arenemas üks uurimisvõrgustik, kust väljajäämisel võivad olla ka pikemaajalised tagajärjed.
Lisan siia kaardi artiklist. Kaardilt jääb mulje, et Eesti on siiski projektis sees. See oleks küll väga tore, hea kui ma eksin ja Eesti on siiski projekti haaratud.

Konteksti avamiseks:

As governments restricted social life, the police performed the role of first responders in addition to being expected to enforce the new safety measures. While police frequently assist in emergency situations (e.g., earthquakes, hurricanes), policing during the COVID-19 pandemic is different. Cave and Dahir (2020) argue that this has been a difficult time for governments trying to determine what the police should do and citizens trying to determine what is expected by changing regulations. […] It remains unclear how the police have responded to this evolving situation.

Artikli ambitsioon:

This study seeks to provide a global perspective on police organizations’ responses and changes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. We explore the changes in both internal operations and demand for police services by looking specifically at proactive and reactive strate- gies. This study also examines whether these changes were made by agency policy/procedure.

Näide teisenenud praktikatest:

Lum and colleagues’ (2020) survey revealed that about two thirds of police agencies in their sample developed formal policies limiting proactive traffic or pedestrian stops. Ashby (2020) found that, compared to prior years, the number of police-initiated traffic stops decreased in nine of the 10 cities during the pandemic. As the number of car crashes began to pick up, so too did the number of traffic stops. Similarly, Mohler and colleagues (2020) show traffic stops declined significantly both in Los Angeles and Indianapolis, although patrol officers in Indianapolis received explicit instructions to reduce the numbers, while the officers in Los Angeles did not.

Ja veel üks tõsisem vihje muutuvatest praktikatest:

One empirical study found that 73% of the police agencies reduced or limited community-oriented police activities early in the pandemic (Lum et al., 2020), which was consistent with the results from another study later in the pandemic (Alexander & Ekici, 2020).

Autorit järeldavad muuhulgas:

Our results show—in vivid detail—that in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, both police organizations and police activities have changed across police agencies from a diverse sample of countries. The most extensive and consistent changes were those things that were easy for police executives to unilaterally change (e.g., decrease in the in-person training, decrease in the use of in-person roll calls, restrictions on the public access to the police agencies, increase in the percentage of officers working remotely). Additionally, to a lesser degree, we saw changes in how police interacted with citizens (e.g., changes in arrest practices, decrease in the number of arrests for minor crimes, increase in the number of warnings for COVID-19 violations).

Maskály, J., Ivković, S. K., & Neyroud, P. (2021). Policing the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploratory Study of the Types of Organizational Changes and Police Activities Across the Globe. International Criminal Justice Review, 10575677211012807