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Collectively referred to as ‘lockdown’ measures in most countries, regulations have included some combination of stay-at-home orders, travel bans, closures of schools and places of entertainment and restrictions on public and private gatherings […] Spatial mobility data suggest that, at the peak of the so-called lockdown – in late March and April 2020 – daily movements related to retail and recreation had declined by over 80% in many countries in Europe and Latin America
In this study, we examine the extent to which stay-at-home restrictions in 27 cities in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Asia were associated with a change in levels of six types of police-recorded crime.
Our findings show that the stay-at-home policies were associated with a substantial drop in urban crime. On average, the overall reduction in crime levels across all included cities was −37%. […] as expected by economic and criminological opportunity theories, we found strong evidence that crime levels respond quickly to changing opportunity structures and constraints, and that change in crime levels does not necessarily require large-scale changes in offender motivation […] We did not find evidence for or against displacement effects in the sense of a shift from one type of crime to another within the categories of crime covered in this paper.
Nivette, A. E., Zahnow, R., Aguilar, R., Ahven, A., Amram, S., Ariel, B., … & Eisner, M. P. (2021). A global analysis of the impact of COVID-19 stay-at-home restrictions on crime. Nature Human Behaviour, 1-10.