Eeldusel, et normid-seadused on ühiskonnas korraldamisel olulisel kohal, siis võib eeldada ka seda, et seadusandjate nõustamisel võib olla märkimisväärne roll. Siin üks huvitav ja Eesti andmistikku haarav tekst B. Guy Petersil.
Kui sotsiaalse ruumi mõistmine ja mõtestamine võib üldise keerustumise ja globaliseerumise ning nurjatute probleemide kontekstis olla ikka järjest keerukam, siis on asjakohane uurida, kuidas seadusandjad selleks valmis on.
There are two principal challenges to the role of legislatures and legislators in the democratic process. […] The presidentialisation argument is that parliamentary governments became cabinet governments and cabinet government then were transformed into prime ministerial governments. […] politicsand government have become increasingly personalistic, so that institutions including legislatures and political parties have become less signiﬁcant. […] The second threat to the capacity of legislatures, and in this case more to capacity of the individual legislators as lawmakers rather than the institutions, is the power of their own staﬀs.
I will focus on the capacity of legislatures as institutions to provide countervailing power to the seeming expansion of executive power.
In comparative terms, the legislatures of China and Hong Kong are perhaps the clearest examples of arena legislatures, although many other legislatures have limited capacity to be eﬀective in making public policy. In Polsby’s analysis, the Congress of the United States is perhaps the only clear example of a transformative legislature, although that capacity is declining for reasons Polsby did not anticipate.
Although legislatures may have signiﬁcant committee systems they may still not be as eﬀective as are others depending upon the rules under which those legislatures function.
On the one hand legislatures may not be able to perform their tasks adequately if they lack adequate staﬃng. On the other hand, if staﬀ is too powerful they can undermine the role of the democratically elected legislators.
Guy Peters, B. (2021). Bureaucracy for democracy: administration in support of legislatures. The Journal of Legislative Studies, 1-18.