Kui siinviidatu ei paku huvi turvalisusvaldkonna eliidile (kes või mis see on?), siis … ilmselt pakuvad eliidile huvi muud küsimused 🙂
Siiski, neoliberaalse karistuspoliitika üle toimuvad katkematud mõttevahetused ning Benthami panoptikon on endiselt aluseks viljakateks aruteludeks (vt siinses voos nt siit ja siit). Siinviidatu on aga tekst nõudlikule lugejale, kes on kriitilise teooria, kriminoloogia ja neoliberaalse karistuspoliitika üldiste mõttekäikudega kursis.


thank Michel Foucault, whose Discipline and Punish established the Panopticon as “the diagram of a mechanism of power reduced to its ideal form” and “a figure of political technology” ramifying far beyond crime and punishment (1995: 205). Now, a legion of critics tell us, panopticons are everywhere: schools and barracks, but also online retail and reality shows, personal fitness and self-help programs. Bentham’s prose is distinguished neither for readability nor concision: thus most readers only really encounter the Panopticon via Foucault.

Siiski, siiski …

Yet Foucault’s Panopticon and Bentham’s Panopticon are not the same thing, the former a somewhat selective reading of the latter.

Autori ambitsioon:

This essay reintegrates the contract-Panopticon into the account of “neoliberal penality” developed by Loı¨c Wacquant and especially Bernard E. Harcourt: a dualism of the market, whose natural order must be allowed to function undisturbed, and the penal sphere, where aggressive state intervention is required.

Benthami idee:

The idea was a circular structure built around a central “inspection house,” from which an observer can see every cell, while remaining unseen by the inmates. At any given moment, inmates cannot know whether the inspector’s eye is upon them, and so will behave as though it is.

Ekskurss majandusteooriatesse:

In the terms of contemporary economic theory, Bentham believed that contract management solves the principal-agent problem (in which one actor makes decisions on behalf of another) (Guidi, 2004). […] Bentham shares the prevailing view of eighteenth-century economic thought that canonized the “natural order” revealed by the market as the truest index of values (Harcourt, 2010: 80).

… veelgi piltlikumalt:

The prisoner of the Panopticon, like the neoliberal subject, is “controlled through their freedom,” through inscribing the range of that freedom within a greater hegemony, but also through the “moralization of the consequences of this freedom” (Brown, 2003: n.p.; Wacquant, 2009b).

Kui see kah lugemishuvi ei ärata, siis …

So long as we accept the prison as an inevitable human institution, abolition is impossible (2003; Wacquant, 2009b). A further step is required: so long as the contractors in our modern panopticons retain their invisibility, and the state’s claims of freedom from the stain of commerce go unchallenged, abolition will remain forever incomplete (cf. Harcourt, 2011).

Weinreich, S. J. (2021). Panopticon, Inc.: Jeremy Bentham, contract management, and (neo)liberal penality. Punishment & Society, 23(4), 497–514. https://doi.org/10.1177/14624745211023457