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Aruandekohusluse küsimused avalikus sektoris ja valitsemises tundub olevat üks igavikulisi küsimusi, mis kõiki inimesi puudutab. Siinviidatu võiks erilist huvi pakku nii valitsejatele, poliitikutele, juhtidele avalikus sektoris aga ka kõikidele neile, kel huvi mõelda ühiskondlike küsimuste üle.

Kontekstiks:

Exploring how collaborative governance may improve public sector accountability is crucial since the traditional institutions of representative democracy provide relatively thin accountability (Schillemans 2008; Warren 2014).

Etümoloogia ja konteksti mõistmiseks:

Over the last 40 years, this shift in political culture has placed governments under growing pressure to account for their governing. In response, they have introduced different supplementary accountability measures, including administrative, legal and political auditing (supreme auditing institutions), open government initiatives (e.g., ombudsmen, open access, whistle-blowers), performance management systems (league-tables, key performance indicators), independent monitoring agencies (think tanks, watchdogs) and different voice and exit options for public service users (user boards, free service choice) (Bovens and Wille 2020; Bovens et al. 2014b; Keane 2009; Pierre et al. 2018; Power 1997; Salamon 2002; Sørensen 1997).

Mõistestik selgeks:

Hence, as we define it, thick accountability refers to a dialogical accountability relationship in which: (1) account givers have both capacity and opportunity to provide precise and adequate accounts about particular governance decisions and the mission-related results that are obtained; and (2) account holders have both skills and competences to critically assess and sanction these accounts vis-à-vis a broad set of norms, values and obligations.

Aruandekohusluse roll demokraatlikus valitsetuses:

According to widely accepted global standards, a political system that fails to provide structures and procedures enabling citizens to critically assess what elected officials and public authorities are doing and to punish or reward them accordingly is not a democracy (Freedom House 2020; V-DEM Institute 2021). Accountable government is a democratic prerequisite.

Meie keeleruumis vähe tähelepanu saanud sotsiaalne aruandekohuslus:

Social accountability is an umbrella term for strategies aiming to improve public sector performance via the creation of productive and synergetic state–civil society interactions (Antlöv and Wetterberg 2021; Fox 2015; Hickey and King 2016; Joshi and Houtzager 2012; Schatz 2013). As such, a social accountability perspective claims that a thicker accountability relationship not only requires that the societal actors aiming to hold public decision-makers to account have the capacity and resources needed to do so; the public actors who are held to account must also be bolstered, so that they can provide accessible accounts of often complex decisions and respond to the issues and criticisms voiced by societal actors.

Kasulikud mehhanismid:

At present, collaborative governance arrangements, such as networks and partnerships, are widely celebrated for their ability to stimulate mutual learning and innovation in public policy and service delivery, to strengthen the democratic legitimacy of public governance through inclusive and empowered participation, and to mobilize stakeholder resources to expand the reach of governance and get things done (Bommert 2010; Sirianni 2010; Torfing 2016).

Aruandekohusluse võimestav võimekus (hea sõnastus :)):

In other words, the path forward to enhanced accountability is to build a participatory culture and infrastructure in civil society. In such a participatory culture, service users, affected citizens, NGOs, private businesses etc., have rights and opportunities to speak out.

Lugemishuvi naelutamiseks:

The double-loop social accountability model may serve as a heuristic device, guiding much-needed empirical studies that may test whether and under what conditions the new path to improved accountability is viable.

Sørensen, E., & Torfing, J. (2021). Accountable Government through Collaborative Governance?. Administrative Sciences, 11(4), 127.