Kui Etzioni avaldab, siis tuleb lugeda. Ja ei pea pettuma.
Kommunitaarsed väärtused on kogukonnas olulised. Mida need tähendavad? Etzioni kirjutab nii:
These values stress that individuals have responsibilities to one another and the common good – for example, they are obliged to don a mask during the pandemic. Individuals are expected to make some sacrifices for society, rather than solely to seek to maximise their own utility or to assume that an aggregation of their individual choices will ensure the social welfare. Communitarian values require individuals to willingly shelter at home, even if this entails a considerable loss of income and engenders frustrations. Instead of relying on coercive government controls, communitarian societies depend on shared core values and social bonds – drawing on moral dialogues, persuasion, approbations, shaming, peer pressure and character education – in order to advance the common good.
Miks kommunitaarsed väärtused Covidi tähenduses olulised on?
Nations that do not have a sufficiently communitarian moral culture, or that were unable to adopt one, have suffered. In all three countries considered here, trust in government is relatively robust, and largely prevents the kinds of pitched conflicts that can arise between communities and governments in countries with a high level of libertarian sentiment. The Swedish government simply did not provide effective guidance. The Japanese and Uruguayan governments firmly signalled what had to be done, which was sufficient to activate communitarian processes.
Amitai Etzioni (2021) Community and COVID-19: Japan, Sweden and Uruguay, Survival, 63:1, 53-76