Siinviidatud artikkel võiks huvi pakkuda laiale lugejaskonnale alates spetsiifiliselt politseistrateegiatest huvitatutest kuni organisatsioonikujunduse huvilisteni. 40 aastat ühe strateegia – kuigi seda võib käsitleda ka filosoofia või tehnikate tasandil – rakendamisest mingis kindlas piirkonnas võib pakkuda kasulikke teadmisi ja lugeja ei pea pettuma. Tõsi, lugeja turvalisest riigist, kus ei rakendata teadlikult-sihikindlalt ühtegi politseipraktikat, võib väita, et saab ka ilma. Ja eks sellelegi on raske vastu vaielda. Aga nüüd ikka sisukamate ideede juurde.

Kontekstist:

The latter part of the 20th century saw the introduction of a plethora of novel, proactive policing approaches, which have continued to be important to this day. These have included: intelligence-led policing (Ratcliffe, 2008); CompStat (Silverman, 2006); hot-spot policing (Weisburd and Braga, 2006), evidence-based policing (Sherman, 1998), reassurance policing (Millie and Herrington, 2005), and predictive policing (Meijer and Wessels, 2019).

Autorid sihistavad:

This article analyses and critically reflects on the state-of-the-art of one such influential reform movement in England and Wales, ‘problem-oriented policing’ (often referred to as ‘problem-solving’ or ‘POP’) 40 years after its original formulation by Herman Goldstein in 1979. Goldstein developed the problem-oriented approach following criticism of the then dominant mode of police practice whereby incidents were dealt with on a case-by-case basis using ‘standard’ or ‘reactive’ police tactics

Probleemipõhine politsei:

Rather than responding to incidents on a case-by-case basis, problem-oriented policing involves a structured process of “identifying … problems in more precise terms, researching each problem, documenting the nature of the current police response, assessing its adequacy and the adequacy of existing authority and resources, engaging in a broad exploration of alternatives to present responses, weighing the merits of these alternatives, and choosing among them” (Goldstein, 1979, p. 236).

Kes on huvitet probleemipõhise politsei edulugudest ja kriitikast, sellele pakuvad autorid vajalikke viiteid:

Systematic reviews have demonstrated the positive impact of problem-oriented policing (Weisburd et al., 2008; 2010; Hinkle et al., 2020). Yet despite extensive evidence to support the effectiveness of problem-oriented policing, research also identifies recurrent challenges both in the implementation and practice of problem-oriented policing (Leigh et al., 1998; Read and Tilley, 2000; Scott, 2000, 2006; Bullock et al., 2006).

40 aastat vastupidamist …

Problem-oriented policing has, then, been a feature of policing in England and Wales over the past four decades. It has never gone away, despite the introduction of many other policing innovations (such as evidence-based policing and intelligence-led policing), and in awareness that commitment to the approach has been found to vary over time and between police forces.

Analüüsi andmeallikad (kokku 86 intervjuud):

This article draws specifically on semi-structured interviews with police officers and staff from 8 of the 43 geographical police forces in England and Wales.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks vihje kokkuvõttest:

Where problemoriented policing is being conducted, our findings suggest that its practice often lacks discipline in that core processes are not being faithfully followed: there are weaknesses at all stages of the SARA model.

Karen Bullock, Aiden Sidebottom, Rachel Armitage, Matthew P J Ashby, Caitlin Clemmow, Stuart Kirby, Gloria Laycock, Nick Tilley, Forty years of problem-oriented policing: A review of progress in England and Wales, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 2021;, paab067, https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paab067